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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 59, No.4, August-September 1968"

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...Since 1909 





Walker Ferguson's seedling 
spuria in a buttery yellow 

Floral events . . . 

August-September, 1968 

San Diego Floral Association Programs 

Third Tuesday, Floral Building, Balboa Park 
Chairman, Mrs. Eugene Cooper 

SUME IN SEPTEMBER . . . watch your newsletter for dates 
and programs. 


AMERICAN BEGONIA SOCIETY, Annual Begonia and Tropical 
Plant Show, August 24th and 25th (Saturday 1-10 p.m.; Sunday 10 
a.m. to 6 p.m.). Hawthorne Memorial Building, Prairie and El 
Segundo Blvd., Hawthorne, California. Donation, 50c. Snack bar 

18-21, Fairmont Hotel, San Francisco, Calif. Outstanding speakers 
and programs. Highlights: New Look in Horticulture, New Era 
in Hybrid Lilies, Survey of Western. Horticulture, New Horizons in 
Begonias, Primulas and Delphiniums, Instant Living Landscapes . . . 
and many others. Includes a tremendous exhibition of Western 
plant materials. Information from: American Horticultural Society, 
Incorporated, 2401 Calvert St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 2008. 

SHOW, Pomona, September 13-29, 1968. 

Floral Tours 


Library 9 a.m. Leaves Balboa Park 9:30 a.m. Return by 5 p.m. 
No-host luncheon reservation may be made at time of ticket pur- 
chase. Tour of Rancho Bernardo Community with emphasis on 
seeing the winning garden in the annual Rancho Bernardo Beautiful 
Contest. Visit to nurseries and Rancho California. (Luncheon will 
be at Rancho Bernardo Country Club.) Tour, $5. 


8:30 a.m., return about 5 p.m. Leaves La Jolla Public Library 9 a.m. 
$5.50, no-host lunch. 


CITY TOUR of San Diego Nurseries and Historic Places. Leaves 
La Jolla Public Library, 8:30 a.m., leaves Balboa Park 9 a.m., re- 
turn by 5 p.m. $5.50. Group will visit Calvary Cemetery, Mission 
Hills Nursery, see historic landmarks of Old Town, visit Cabrillo 
National Monument where the film "The Grey Whale" will be 
seen. This will also include a visit to Rosecroft Begonia Gardens, 
and to Walter Andersen Nursery where Miss Ada Perry will give a 
special afternoon lecture on houseplants and their care. 

A very special feature of this tour is a visit to a private garden 
generally not open to public tours and which may not be announced 
at this time. 

TICKETS FOR CHILDREN OR JUNIORS $1.00 less than adult 

Call 232-5762 Mondays ■ Wednesdays - Fridays 



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California's Own Garden Magazine 
August - September, 1968 

Vol. 59 

No. 4 


San Diego's Oldest 
and Largest Garden Club 

Floral Building, 

Balboa Park 


Founded 1907 — Incorporated 1910 



Mr. Virgil H. Schade 


Mrs. Eugene Cooper 

2nd Vice-President 

Mrs. Donald Innis 


Dr. George W. Bremner 

Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Eugene Whigham 

Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Walter Bunker, Jr. 


Term 1966-1969 

Mrs. Roland Hoyt 
Mrs. John Marx 

Term 1967-1970 

Captain Charles Spiegel 

Temr 1968-1971 

Mrs. A. R. Laughlin 
Mrs. H. Mattenklodt 


Mrs. Eugene Daney 


Mrs. Anne Robinson Tedford 
Mr. Chauncy I. Jerabek 
Mrs. Alice Mary Clark 
Miss Alice Mary Rainford 




SINCE 1909 


The buttery yellow iris on the cover of this issue was photographed by Mrs. 
Eugene (Betty) Cooper. The subject of her picture is the first blossom on a 
seedling selected at random in Walker Ferguson's field. Seedlings are selec- 
tively eliminated in order that new varieties of garden spurias will show pro- 
gressive improvement. (As it developed, the cover subject will not be scheduled 
for introduction.) But it did make a beautiful cover! 



Walker Ferguson, Iris Hybridizer by Joel Quivey 6 

Spurias in the Garden by Eleanor McCown 9 

Iris — and Elsie Heimer by Helen Carswell 12 

Siberian Irises Like it Here by Bill Gunther 15 

A visit to the Weavers' Iris Garden 16 

Visiting the Carrington Garden 18 

A Chuckawalla on a Hot Tile Roof by Bill Gunther 19 

Renovating of San Diego Zoo's Fern Canyon by Tim Aller 22 

Garden Books Old and New 24 

Old Calvary Cemetery by Virginia Innis 25 

Daylilies for Year-Around Bloom by Thelma Carrington 28 

Directory 35 

Calendar of Care 

Dahlias by Larry Sisk 30 

Fuchsias by Morrison Doty 31 

Irises by Bill Gunther 32 

Roses by J. Wells and Mary fane Hershey 33 


Published Bi-Monthly by the SAN DIEGO FLORAL ASSOCIATION 
Floral Association Building, Balboa Park, San Diego, California 92101 


Publication Board 

Virgil Schade, President; Mrs. W. E. Betts, Jr.; Mrs. Donald A. Innis; 
Mrs. William Mackintosh; Mrs. John Marx; and Mrs. Paul Witham 

Editor: Virginia Casty Norell 

Editorial Office: 9173 Overton Avenue 

San Diego, California 92123 

Phone: 277-8893 

Staff Photographer: 

Betty Mackintosh 


Contact Mrs. Virginia Norell, 277-8893 
9173 Overton Avenue, San Diego, 
California 92123 

Advertising rates on request. Copy deadline, 1st day of the month preceding date of issue. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San Diego Retail Merchants Associa 
tion. Entered as second-class matter, Dec. 8, 1910 at the Post Office at San Diego, California under the 
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SEPT. 13-29. 1968 

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Revised Edition, 1967, with Official 
Plant-Flower-Tree Guide for 200th 
Anniversary Floral Comm. 1969 Cele 

For Your Gardening Pleasure and 
Gifts for Friends, 
Mail $1.10 Each 




P. O. Box 3175, S. D. 92103 

All Proceeds Benefit 
Childrens & Youth Concerts 


Walker Ferguson looks over some 
beautiful spuria iris blossoms in 
his hybridizing garden in Escon- 
dido. (Photo by Lura Roach). 


- Iris Hybridizer 

by Joel Quivey 

Read this and the following articles, 
all (or nearly all) about irises. They were 
specially prepared for our iris issue 
of California Garden. 

"Fairfield'' was introduced by Ferguson 
in 1967 and it is his own favorite 
among all his irises. The blossom has 
a background of soft pastel colors over- 
laid with attractive dark flecks; it has 
a beautiful compact shape and heavy 
substance. A total of 14 blossoms 
opened at various times on the single 
bloomstalk pictured here. (Photo by 
Bill Gunther) 


his will be my last year with spur- 
ias. I'm getting too old for this." That is 
what Walker Ferguson said last year. He 
said the same thing the year before. And 
the year before that. 

But he didn't really mean it. Because he 
is not too old at all. He is only 81. 

He obviously is not too old for his field, 
because he still leads his field. Last April, 
at the spring iris show in Los Angeles, 
the trophy for the best spuria seedling in 
the show was won by Walker Ferguson. 
Last May, the same thing happened at the 
spring iris show in San Diego. 

And right now, about 600 little seedling 
spuria plants are up to a foot tall in well- 
kept rows in Fergy's garden; these are a 
result of the hybridizing season of 1967 
and they will be candidates for the trophies 
of 1969. Also right now, many well- 
tagged seed pods from the hybridizing of 
last spring are ripening in another part of 
Fergy's garden; they are scheduled for 
planting this fall, and for their first bloom 
in 1970. 

Plant breeding is a very orderly and sys- 
tematic process; it cannot be rushed; there 
is no purpose in trying to hurry it. Fergy 
knows; he has been breeding plants and 
raising plants since he was very young. 

He was born in Mankato, Minnesota, on 
December 3, 1886. As a small boy on his 
parents' farm he developed his interest in 
horticulture and plant breeding. At the 
age of 20 he became a Life Member of the 
Minnesota Horticultural Society. Through 
the years his plant interests have varied: 
delphinimums, daffodils, raspberries, 
wheat, citrus fruit, bearded irises, prim- 
roses, and spuria irises. But he is proud 

Joel Quivey is a humanities student at UCSD 


"Frost" is one of Ferguson s 1967 introductions; it is big, vigorous, shapely, 
and frosty white. (Photo by Fur a Roach). 

that he always has been a "real dirt 

Ferguson moved from his native Minne- 
sota to Colorado in 1922; he moved to 
Valley Center (in San Diego County) in 
1930, then to Santa Cruz in 1945, then 
back to San Diego County to his present 
Escondido address in 1949. He and his 
wife now take care of their home, their 
garden, the hybridizing, and the spuria 
mail order business; they do a good job of 
it, completely unassisted. None of Fergy's 
3 children, 6 grandchildren, or 1 great- 
grandchild lives in Escondido. 

It was in 1951 that Fergy read an in- 
triguing item in Tell Mulestein's Iris Cata- 
log; the item indicated that the spuria iris 
field was wide open for new hybridizing 
talent. Fergy then and there decided to 
hybridize spurias. To start his hybridizing 
program he purchased four varieties; he 
paid for them what then was the going 
retail price for those irises — "four rhi- 
zomes for a dollar." Those four spurias 
were Saugatuck, Azure Dawn, Alice East- 
man, and Bronzespur; they constituted the 
initial breeding stock from which Fergy's 
own strain and his own introductions were 
largely based. 

In the process of developing his strain, 
Fergy through the years has utilized only 
the best-performing of the many thou- 
sands of seedlings which he has grown. 
Since the selection for performance has 
been accomplished under the conditions 
in San Diego County, Fergy feels that his 
strain of spurias is the best for this area. 
But he hastens to acknowledge that some 
irises which perform superbly in one area 
do miserably in another environment. For 

that reason he firmly believes that "every 
section of the country should produce its 
own strains." 

In reminiscing about old-time spurias, 
Fergy evaluates Sunny Day (introduced by 
Sass in 1931) as the best of all time — be- 
cause of its clarity of color, its disease 
resistance, its vigor, and its excellent per- 
formance in a very wide variety of cli- 
matic conditions. 

In evaluating recent spuria introduc- 
tions, Fergy is particularly optimistic about 
Fairfield, which he introduced last year. 
It has beautiful coloring and form, heavy 
substance, a very long blooming season, 
and outstanding performance in this area. 
But time alone will tell how well it will do 
in other environments, and how well it will 
resist virus. 

In recognition of his achievements in 
spuria hybridizing, the American Iris So- 
ciety has awarded Fergy numerous honors, 
including its Hybridizer's Medal and two 
Eric Nies Awards. No person in history 
has received more than two Eric Nies 
Awards — but one of these years some per- 
son may get a third. If so, that person is 
likely to be Walker Ferguson. 

Over 30 of those spuria varieties which 
Walker Ferguson himself has introduced 
now are in commerce and available by re- 
tail mail order from commercial listings. 
A listing of these varieties, with descrip- 
tions and mail order prices, may be ob- 
tained by writing to Walker Ferguson 
(1160 North Broadway, Escondido 
92025) or to Pilley's Gardens (P.O. Box 
#7, Valley Center 92082) or to Melrose 
Gardens (309 Best Road South, Stockton 
95206). ■ 

Baby Seedlings 

About 400 new little spuria babies al- 
ready were "lined out" in Walker Fergu- 
son's fertile field in Escondido, Califor- 
nia, on March 30, 1968. 

About two-thirds of these spuria babies 
will show their first blossoms in the 
spring of 1969; the remainder will not 
bloom until April of 1970. 

Of the perhaps 600 new spuria plants 
which Mr. Ferguson will transplant this 
year, possibly 6 eventually will be evalu- 
ated by him and/or by the AIS judges 
as "worthy of introduction." All others 
will be destroyed. 

Such destruction may seem wasteful, 
but it is required in the selective process 
by which garden spurias are being im- 
proved. And it is essential to emphasize 
that this ratio of worthy to unworthy 
seedlings has been achieved only by ex- 
pert selection and expert pairing of par- 
ents. If the selection and/or pairing of 
parents is less discriminating, the ratio 
of worthy to unworthy seedlings drops 
from about 1 in 100 to something like 
1 in 1000 — or maybe even worse. 

The latter figure is the ratio which 
probably would apply to most of us who 
are "amateur" hybridizers. And an addi- 
tional stimulus is the truth that hybridiz- 
ing is something like gambling. In both, 
the novice often seems to be favored 
by what variously is referred to as "fool's 
luck," or "beginner's luck." 

So try it. Maybe you will hit the jack- 
pot with your very first blossom. 

And maybe you, like Walker Ferguson, 
will go on to collect a couple of Eric Nies 
Awards, plus the American Iris Society's 
Hybridizer's Medal. 


The San Diego Business Community 
FOUNDATION: mil you support it too? 

THANK YOU — To those who have already contributed! Mrs. 
Walter Bunker, Secretary of the Botanical Foundation, reports that 
the fund is growing daily. 

by botanical, garden, and agricultural organiza- 
tions of our county, and by — 


made up of citizens of all ages. 

Cultural Center building, rebuilt in permanent 
form, stems from its original endowment of 
authentic Spanish Colonial architecture of the 
past, and now the opportunity exists to pre- 
serve it for the needs and enjoyment of the 
people of San Diego. 

YOU can give a gift to yourself and enrich posterity 
by assisting in the architectural recreation of 
this jewel-like symbol of the golden age of New 
Spain, and at the same time provide vitally 
needed space for cultural activities so necessary 
to San Diego. 

To the San Diego Botanical-Garden Fndn. 
P.O. Box 12162, San Diego, Calif. 92112 

I wish to help in the re-creation of the Garden- 
Cultural Center Building, Balboa Park. 

~^\ Enclosed please find my check made payable 
to the Botanical-Garden Foundation. 

I will contribute my services to this effort. 




Note: Gifts to the Botanical-Garden Founda- 
tion are tax deductible. 

A Gift of Enduring Pleasure and Inspiration to All San Diegans 
and Those Who Come to Visit Here. 


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zine, 9173 Overton Avenue, San Diego, California 92123. 277-8893. Copy is due 30 
days before publication. (Tenth of January, March, May, July, September, November.) 


Spuria Hybridizer Eleanor McCown 
of Holtville, California stands by 
a corner of her award-winning 
educational display, "Spuria Ballet." 

Spurias in the Garden 

by Eleanor McCown, 
Iris Hybridizer 


'VERY year new varieties of spurias 
are introduced, differing in color or form 
or size from earlier introductions. Since 
this has been going on for a good many 
years, there is today a wide selection 
from which to choose. 

I have been growing spurias for about 
twenty-five years and I began to wonder, 
if I were to start from scratch with a new 
garden, which spurias would I choose 
and how and where would I plant them? 
Checking through the listed varieties I 
realized that there were a great many 
that I had never seen and another long 
list of older ones that had grown in my 
garden but for one reason or another had 
disappeared from the scene. This still 
left enough varieties to fill a rather large 

Where would I plant them all and 
how? Since spurias can be left in one 
location for many years I should plan 
well before planting. 

They're Tall 

Most spurias are on the tall side, from 
three to six feet, so must be placed in 
the background of a border garden or in 
the center of a circular bed. They also 
look well in clumps planted as drifts in 
the lawn or near a pool. They should 
always have at least half a day of sun. 
They do very well in full sun and require 
lots of water during late winter and early 
spring months growing season, so close 
planting to trees should be avoided. 

During the summer months, following 
bloom (which extends from the last of 
March through May in this area) they 
are semi-dormant and need little water 
so, if possible, they should be planted 
with this in mind. 

During the long winter and spring 
months when the spurias are a mass of 
dark green leaves they look well as back- 
ground for colorful annuals such as pe- 
tunias. In the summer when the foliage 
gradually dies off and turns brown, com- 
panion plants should be close by to cover 
up the area. Daylilies make excellent 
companion plants, also dormant shrubs 
such as the dwarf Crepe Myrtle and 
Dwarf Pomegranate would help to fill 
in the space. 

I think I would group the spurias in 
clumps of from three to five varieties, 
using plants of smiliar coloring in each 
clump. A few outstanding varieties would 
be nice as specimen plantings. 

Suggested Groupings 

Starting with the white varieties, I 
would group together three of the lead- 
ing varieties, White Heron, Wakerobin 
and Morningtide. Wakerobin grows the 
tallest of the three in my garden so I 
would place it in the middle. White 
Heron is an older but very reliable 
bloomer, often having four open blooms. 
Both Wakerobin and White Heron have 
white standards and falls with a yellow 
signal. Wakerobin has a larger flower. 
Morningtide has a faint bluish cast and 

lovely form, but is still classified as white. 
All three are mid-season bloomers with 
White Heron outlasting the other two. 

In another group I would plant Lydia 
Jane, Windfall, Imperial Song, and 
Dawn Candle. These are all fairly re- 
cent introductions, the first three having 
similar coloring, with creamy white stan- 
dards and falls with a large deep yellow 
signal. Lydia Jane is lightly ruffled, Wind- 
fall a generous bloomer and Imperial 
Song, a large flower with heavy substance 
and good branching. Dawn Candle is the 
earliest to bloom, has a lovely form with 
creamy white standards and falls light 
yellow with a deeper splash of orange at 
the signal, a real bi-color. It and Wind- 
fall are a little taller than the other two. 
Windfall and Lydia Jane are mid-season 
bloomers and Imperial Song is a late 

Wide Range of Yellows 

For the yellows, I would have a wide 
range to choose from and since all are 
vigorous it would be difficult to narrow 
it down to three or four varieties. 

Elixir is especially vigorous and I 
think I would find a place for it by itself. 
While the flowers are of medium size, 
they are well formed and a very deep 
yellow orange in color. While not the 
first to bloom, it is an early bloomer and 
because of the exceptional branching, 
with sometimes as many as twelve flowers 
to the stalk. Often four are in bloom at 
one time. Elixir continues to bloom un- 


til almost the last of the season. 

Orange Maid is also a deep yellow 
orange, with larger flowers but not as 
many to the stalk. The flowers have good 
texture and starts blooming in mid-season 
continuing until late May. It would also 
make a nice lone planting. 

Wadi Zem Zern, Golden Lady, and 
Yellow Wings would make a good 
group. Yellow Wings is the earliest, a 
nice large flower, lightly ruffled and 
medium yellow. Golden Lady is still tops 
among the yellows with medium yellow 
fairly large flowers. Wadi Zem Zem is 
a pale yellow with heavy substance and 
wide leaves. It is shorter than the others 
so could be planted in front of them. 

Nearly Blue 
While no spuria could be called a true 
blue, all having a purple shading, some 
are nearer blue than others. I think I 
would group together Blue Pinafore, 
Moon by Day, Imperial Ruffles and 
Neophyte. Neophyte, the tallest, could 
be in the center. It has medium-sized 
flowers, the standards a strong blue violet 
and the falls cream with lavender vein- 
ing. Moon by Day is a little shorter and 
would be nice in front with its light blue 
standards and almost white falls. These 


• Spuria 

• Tall Bearded 

• Median 

• Dwarf 



at special discount 


P.O. Box 7 
Valley Center, Ca. 92082 


are both early to mid-season bloomers. 
Blue Pinafore, an older variety, is gen- 
erous with lightly ruffled medium-blue 
flowers with a small signal. Imperial 
Ruffles, also a near-blue, has quite notice- 
able ruffling and good branching with 
often four open blooms at a time. Both 
are mid-season. 

Lavender Blues 

Another companion clump of lavender 
blue spurias would be Farolito, Arbi- 
trator and Imperial Flight. Farolito has 
nice large flowers with light violet stand- 
ards and orange yellow falls edged violet. 
Arbitrator is a large and heavy textured 
flower, striking because of the prominent 
deep purple veining on the lavender 
standards and bright yellow falls. These 
two are mid-season bloomers and a lit- 
tle taller than Imperial Flight which is 
a vivid blue lavender, the standards very 
erect and the falls stiffly held. Flight has 
good branching and is one of the last to 

A Good Old-Timer 

No collection of spurias would be com- 
plete without the old-timer, Premier. 
While the flower is rather small, it is 
very colorful with deep blue-violet stan- 
dards and falls. The signal patch is light 
yellow with a nice pattern of lavender 
lines. A generous bloomer, Premier has 
exceptional branching and blooms from 
mid-season until the last of the season. 


: -^Kr : 'y-i^'*' :: '"'' ::::; 



'■-,:■: ■ 

: :^ 


Dawn Candle, in silhouette view, shows 
how very fitting is its name. This spuria 
was introduced by Ferguson in 196 J. 

This would look well planted by itself 
near a pool or as a drift in the lawn. 

Blue Nightshade and Thrush Song 
would be good companions with very 
similar coloring and both blooming with 
the last of the spurias. Both have deep 
violet-blue standards and falls and the 
falls have an unusual color mixture of 
yellow and brown in the signal. Thrush 
Song is a little larger. 

Beautiful Browns 

One of the loveliest colors in the 
spurias is the brown. While the range of 
varieties is not as wide as in other colors, 
there are still enough to make it difficult 
to know which to choose. I think I 
would choose to place together Cherokee 
Chief, Perky Maid, Driftwood, Chu- 
mash Chief and Dark and Handsome. 
I would center Driftwood, the tallest, in 
the back. The flowers are large and well- 
formed and a lovely golden brown in 
color. Cherokee Chief and Perky Maid 
while quite old varieties are still distinc- 
tive in their own way. Cherokee Chief 
has medium-sized flowers, golden brown 
in color and blooms over a long period 
of time starting mid-season. Perky Maid 
is really a yellow with heavy brown vein- 
ing. The medium-sized flowers are nicely 
ruffled. Chumash Chief is the darkest of 
the browns, a large flower with a very 
small signal. Dark and Handsome, one 
of the newest, is a bi-color with dark- 
brown standards and falls deep yellow 
heavily veined brown. All are mid- 

While no spuria is really red, there are 
several new varieties that are a deep red- 

Premier is a classic among spurias. 
Though it is one of the oldest of the 
garden varieties it remains one of the 
most colorful (with dark purplish blue 
predominating) , one of the most vigor- 
ous, and one of the most popular. In- 
troduced by Barr, in England, in 1899. 



dish purple and I would want to include 
them in the garden. Red Oak, Fireplace, 
and Imperial Burgundy would make 
good companions. 

Then, of course, there are some spurias 
that defy classification as to color. Zeph- 
roso, another old-timer that I would al- 
ways have has ecru and lavender stand- 
ards that can only be described as opal- 
escent. The falls are similarly colored 
with a very small signal. A nicely formed 
medium-sized ruffled flower. 

Connoisseur, one of the newest of in- 
troductions, has very large flowers. They 
could be called copper in color and take 
on added luster under artificial lights, 
with lavender-tinged standards and vivid 
amethyst-style crests. 

While this would complete my selec- 
tions from varieties already introduced I 
would have to leave space for some of 
the new ones that will be introduced in 
the future. 

Mr. Ferguson had two outstanding 
white and yellow seedlings that won best 
of show, 1968, at Arcadia and San Diego. 
Another seedling he exhibited at the San 
Diego show was a deep velvety purple 
that could be outstanding. Another 

Highline Lavender is a fine example of 
the compact shape in spurias. In addi- 
tion to its fine shape, this iris also dis- 
plays a beautiful lavender color which 
is a rarity among its kind. Hybridized 
by Eleanor McCown and introduced 
this year. (Note: This was incorrectly 
identified in the June- July, 1968 issue, 
on page 31-) 

that I saw blooming in his garden is 
being introduced this year as Landscape 
Blue. It is as near blue as any spuria so 

far, with nicely formed large flowers. 
It is a must for my collection. 

Mr. Hager has a new introduction 
this year that sounds delightful. With 
caramel coloring and small signal, the 
flowers are of a new form, with wide 
but short standards, and wide falls with 
a very short style arm, making a com- 
pact rounded flower. This seedling he 
has named Woodwind. 

Pilley's Gardens will introduce my 
newest one called Highline Lavender. 
This too is a compact flower of similar 
form to Woodwind with medium laven- 
der standards and falls, the signal patch 
a light yellow. ■ 

Kou Are Invited 
To Visit 


See our Directory 
on Page 35 

• *V " "'"•'V^. 



■ •■ ' ,-■■■< 


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Two lovely ladies who grace the world of flowers- 
left, Elsie Heimer, and the author of our story 
about her, Helen Carswell. 

the wonderful story that time 
has told about 


iris grower, but also one of the nation's 
top-flight judges for her favorite flower. 
The American Iris Society's Southern 
California Unit, Region 15, had this 
story— in part— in their "The Newslet- 
ter," Spring 1967: 

Lady Elsie, Honorary Judge 

"An honorary judgeship is the top 
honor and AIS judge can hold and it 
comes only through appointment by 
the AIS Board of Directors. 

After 15 years of being a garden 
judge, then graduating to a Senior 
Judge, most of us either lose our de- 
sire to continue or our enthusiasm, 
and that is as far as we go. To "stay 
with it" all those years, and remain 
an active part of iris doings, as well 
as becoming a symbol of inspiration to 
others, are all factors leading to this 
honor. This Region can claim one 
such member who has far surpassed all 
these qualifications. Through her many 
years of iris work, and personal friend- 
liness to all who know her, Elsie Hei- 
mer has recently been given an Hon- 
orary Judgeship ... If AIS had a higher 
award, above that of Honorary Judge, 
I am sure she would be the one to re- 
ceive it." 

Iris friends are in the habit of calling 
her "Lady Elsie," from the iris the 

— and a grand lady who 
grows them — Elsie Heimer 

by Helen D. Carswell 


hat old slide projector jammed 
just once too often and the new auto- 
matic one was such fun, it made an ideal 
time to stroll through iris gardens of 
springs long past. 

My pictures of Elsie Heimer's iris have 
for many years been kept in a special 
file, in exact chronologic sequence, and 
the collection added to each season. Since 
they were readily available, this was an 
ideal time to view that jewel garden 
where the newest, finest and most prom- 
ising iris varieties are being grown to 
perfection and critically judged for value 
as garden subjects, and in particular for 

improvements to the tall bearded iris 

When the slide show was over, we — 
Mrs. Heimer, her sisters, Mrs. Murphy 
and Mrs. O'Connell, Betty and Gene 
Cooper, Laura Burbridge, David and 
Mildred Lyon, and H.D.C. came out into 
the sunshine of Mrs. Heimer's east patio, 
chatted about our iris memories. There 
we sat under the old, gnarled wisteria 
vine and the climbing Dainty Bess rose 
that have lived together for so many 
seasons. We looked out on the iris, ar- 
ranged not in businesslike rows, but 
skillfully blended in a horseshoe around 
the lawn, forming a color harmony 
blended with bulbs, perennials, azaleas 
and the tall background of shrubs and 
climbing roses. The entire composition 
made a magnificent display reminiscent 
of an ethereal rainbow spray. 

Mrs. Heimer is not only an excellent 

Lyons named for her, and introduced 
in 1957. It was previewed in a dra- 
matic setting in their show garden, at 
the time of the AIS National Conven- 
tion in 1956, in Los Angeles. Ever 
since it has been a great favorite with 
many West Coast irisarians. A bi- 
colored deep amethyst-violet, with falls 
of plum-purple, shaded to royal-purple, 
it has Charmaize in its parentage, ac- 
counting for its fine keeping qualities. 
So that was how she became "Lady 
Elsie" to her friends. 

Parade of Years 
The outstanding impression left from 
viewing this pageant of many years bloom- 
ing seasons, was the vast improvement in 
tall bearded iris. How infinitely superior 
today's varieties are, when compared to 
older ones, regardless of how thrilling 
they may have been long ago ! 

This sweep forward has been the work 



"Time rolls on, carries you forward: what is past 
is past : it becomes but memory, dear, precious, 
often beautified by distance, but yet a memory: 
the shadow or the light of a thing that was." 

(Taken from a clipping in a 1933 scrapbook. 
Source not known) 

of hundreds of hybridize^ amateur, pro- 
fessional and commercial. It is a develop- 
ment brought about season by season, im- 
proving form, color and substance, adding 
refinements of branching and spacing of 
bloomstalks, and height. New colors have 
been added — shades that are clean and 
clear, many with iridescence: falls now 
flare and show the specimens better from 
a distance, they are broader and fill in 
most of the space between them; stand- 
ards now dome and arch, in place of 
flopping. Many have lacelike edges with 
ruffling. There is no end to the niceties 
that have been added to the beauty of 
iris, Beauty, whose influence is so mys- 
terious to those who see it. Clumps of 
bloom viewed from a distance demon- 
strate how iris have been improved to en- 
hance the overall loveliness of the gar- 
den, and also to dramatize the exquisite 
appeal of individual flowers. 

Half a Century's Experience 

Contemplating such a glorious display 
of ravishing beauty, and in communion 
with those who appreciate it, there is no 
end to the questions that come to mind: 

"How long have you been growing 



"How did you get started?" 
"What was your very first iris?" 
"Do you grow any old ones?" 
"What did you plant this year?" 
"Which one has greatest promise?" 
Lady Elsie shows how indulgent and 
understanding she is, as she patiently 
answers one item at a time. 

"It was in 1918 (we were still in Wis- 
consin then) and we took a trip to a 
nursery near Chicago to select some new 
peonies. It was there IRIS came into my 
life. We came home with iris and no 
peonies! It was soon after that we heard 
about Mrs. Douglas Pattison's Quality 
Gardens Iris at Freeport, Illinois and I 
have been growing iris ever since. That 
first iris was B. Y. Morrison." 

Later, looking that variety up in Amer- 

ican Iris Society Alphabetical Iris Check 
List, 1939, there really was such an iris 
and Mrs. Pattison's 1928 catalog des- 
cribed it: "(Sturt. 1918) S. pale violet: 
f. velvety, raisin purple, with wide, pale, 
lavender border. A strikingly beautiful 

So it would seem that from the very 
first Lady Elsie selected the newest and 
best. "Oh, it was a beauty," was her 
remark, and the light in her eyes told that 
she could still see it in her memory. 
Mrs. Murphy added, "Of course Elsie 
grows some older iris, for we all love 
the whites, Snow Flurry, Celestial Snow, 
Swan Ballet, and many more." 

Mrs. Pattison's catalog also has some 
thoughts on older varieties, "One has to 
decide whether to grow a selected list 
of the very best, or conduct an iris mu- 
seum. Many varieties can be discarded 
without a qualm since the newer ones 
are vastly superior." 

My own personal iris experience only 
goes back to the forties, and my first 
ones were Mrs. Burbridge's gift. Never 
having seen the newer improved ones, 
my reaction was something like, "I could 
not care less," but to get them off my 
conscience, they were planted and 
promptly forgotten. Then one spring 
morning, looking out on the garden from 
an upstairs window, there was the most 
beautiful flower I had ever seen. Rushing 
down to see what it could be, I remem- 
bered the gift collection and from then 
on I too, had "The Bug." That bloom, 
a bright yellow, was perhaps Golden 
Majesty, but, alas, it did not last very 
well in our San Fernando Valley sun- 
shine. That was why some years later 
Charmaize (D. Lyon 1949) was such 
great satisfaction, as it lasted and lasted, 
stood up to the sun, wind and rain. It 
is still a great favorite in my garden. 
Mildred explained that its durable sub- 
stance came from one of its illustrious 
parents, the all-time classic, Snow Flurry. 

From the other parent, Aztec Copper, 
came its rich greenish yellow with strong 
undertones of chartreuse. Charmaize was 
the parent of many popular iris in the 
years that followed and David Lyon used 
it in his line breeding for good lasting 
qualities, not only in the garden, but also 
as a cut flower that would hold up in 
floral arrangements. Combined with sub- 
stance he strived for beauty of form, 
flowers with rounded falls, shaped like a 
silver dollar, to fill in all the space, broad 
ruffled falls with no marking to mar their 
beauty. In addition to greenish tones, he 
worked with pinks, and perhaps one of 
his best pinks in Paris Gown. 

We were all congratulating David on 
a recent honor: 

"Premio Firence Del Iris 
This honor comes from the well-known 
test garden of Florence, Italy, and it is 
the third such award he has received 
from them. Never having seen Be- 
witched, and not finding it in any iris 



All Colors 
Shapes & Sizes 





RE - BLOOMING "itiis 


r f f 1 i 

ill si u it ii Zseis 









309C Best Road So, Stockton, Calif. 95206 



catalogs, one assumes it is something to 
look forward to another planting time. 

Note: (Mrs. Laura Burbridge had won 
this award for her Midnight Waltz, in 
1964. It is a rich and charming darkie, 
a cross of Black Hills and Sable Night, 
an important addition to the blue-blacks, 
that is praised from every source.) 

This good iris talk could go on and 
on and there was one more question to 
put to Lady Elsie: 

"If a genie were to come to your gar- 
den some morning and tell you that you 
could have any new iris you want, what 
would you want?" Without any hesita- 
tion she answered, "Oh, I'd take David's 
new seedling, 64-10-9. Just wait till you 
see it; it is a real startling beauty, and 
will be introduced next year. The name, 
Flaming Moon, has not yet been con- 
firmed by AIS Registration Committee, 
but no doubt about it, the name fits its 
size, form and glorious color." 

Lady Elsie's Dozen 
There are some favored beings whose 
joy for life never diminishes, who 
are filled with the wonder, the awe, the 
ecstasy of anticipation of new things and 
things to come. Elsie Heimer is certainly 
one of these people. Of the newest irises 
that have passed her critical scrutiny, here 
is her favorite dozen: 

Babbling Brook (Keppel 1966) 

Cambodia (Babson 1966) 
Cherub's Choir (Corlew 1968) 
Christie Anne (Gaulter 1964) 

(My very pet, she said) 

Country Fair (Corlew 1966) 

Dusky Dancer (Luihn 1967) 

Eternal Flame (Schreiner 1967) 

Flight of Angels (Terrell 1968) 

(Her first choice) 

High Sierra (Gaulter 1967) 

Kemzey (Corlew 1967) 

Laurie (Gaulter 1966) 

Royal Touch (Schreiner 1967) 

No, she did not make it a "Baker's 

Dozen," for remember Lady Elsie is an 

American Iris Society Honorary Judge, 

and it is difficult for any new iris to pass 

her high standards, to enter her own 

"Hall of Fame" for all that is newest 

and best. ■ 


CALL 234-5344 

121 W. Juniper—Just off First Ave. Bus 

Convenient Parking 



f you're planning a vacation trip this year back home to see the folks, or 
a world tour, or just to our next-door neighbor, Mexico, James M. Moon, San 
Diego County Agricultural Commissioner, recommends that you omit plant ma- 
terials from the souvenirs you bring back. 

It is hard to resist bringing back a favorite plant from Aunt Min's garden, 
or an exotic fruit, but you could at the same time bring back one of the ten 
thousand or so plant pests that could be a threat to the State's more than $4 billion 
agricultural industry. Even the packing material wrapped around other souvenirs 
can provide a hiding place for stowaway bugs. 

Mr. Moon said that as our society becomes more mobile, and the speed of 
movement increases, so does the ability of plant pests to spread with great rapidity. 
These hitchhiking bugs often arrive on the most innocent looking fruits and plants 
carried by travelers, and they may eventually cause millions of dollars in damage 
to crops, ornamental plantings, and forests. 

Throughout the State of California, Federal, State, and County plant quar- 
antine officers keep a vigilant eye on the daily movement of thousands of lots of 
plants and plant products. Last year, San Diego County Department of Agricul- 
ture Inspectors checked 41, 241 shipments of plant material. "Of these," Mr. Moon 
said, "234 shipments were rejected for failure to meet plant quarantine require- 
ments or because they were infested with plant pests." Each year, the State Plant 
Quarantine Border Stations intercept an average of 72,000 lots of contraband 
materials or ones obviously infested with pests. These border stations are one of 
California's first lines of defense against the introduction of harmful plant and 
animal pests, and although they sometimes seem an inconvenience, remember they 
are there for the protection of your food and your garden. 

"So," Mr. Moon said, "enjoy your vacation, but please don't bring home new 
plant pests to add to those already residing in California." 


Carlson Travel Service, Inc. 




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by Bill Gunther 


VEN THOUGH they did not originate 
in Siberia, they always are called Siberian 
irises. But personally, we wish they were 
called something else. Anything else. 

Because so long as this very special 
series of irises bears the name "Siberian," 
many experienced Southern California 
gardeners will be reluctant to try them. 

This is because so many Southern Cali- 
fornia gardeners have learned — the hard 
way — that "Northern" garden subjects 
such as tulips and peonies and lilacs are 
a hopeless cause here. These Northern 
plants require a cold winter which simply 
cannot be provided along the coastal strip 
of Southern California. And after bit- 
ter failure with the highly-advertised 
tulips, no prudent gardener in this area 
would be so gullible as to order some- 
thing called a "Siberian iris." The very 
name of it clearly indicates that the plant 
belongs someplace up in the frozen arctic 
rather than in Southern California. 

Desirable in Local Gardens 

This attitude is regrettable. Because 
once they are established here, many Si- 
berian irises perform beautifully. In fact, 
they probably have a longer blooming 
season here than anywhere else. Their 
tall, grasslike foliage and their graceful 
blossoms atop tall, slim stems are appro- 
priate in any type of garden setting. And 
because of their form, their cool har- 
monious colors, their fine foliage, and 
especially because of their smaller blos- 
som size, Siberian irises are more useful 
for practical table arrangements than 
other types of irises. 

In size of blossom and in height and 
thickness of stem Siberian irises are very 

Continued, page 20 

• The editor of California Garden thanks 
irisarian Bill Gunther for his invaluable as- 
sistance in preparing this iris issue. Bill is 
editor of the Spuria Society Newsletter. 

"GAY HEART' is a medium blue 
color. Note that the jails (the three 
lower petals) drop vertically. This con- 
trasts to those on "WHITE SWIRL'' 
which flare horizontally. (Photo by 
Betty Mackintosh). 

.■........; .;:-, ., ..-.. . 


"WHITE SWIRL" has a perky florin 
form, a milky-white color, heavy sub- 
stance, and long-lasting qualities which 
make it ideal for floral arrangements. 
(Photo by Betty Mackintosh) 

"CAESAR'S BROTHER' is a dark 
bluish-purple color and an attractive 
form; it is the most vigorous of all 
Siberian varieties. 



Lois Weaver explains the fine points of one of the new introductions 
corner of her "iris patch" of modern, tall bearded varieties. 

in one 

"Dixie Deb" is a Louisiana iris. This 
type grows wild in the swamps of 
Louisiana but is perfectly adaptable to 
Southern California gardens. A single 
Louisiana stalk is an artistic arrange- 
ment in itself. 




■' '■ . .: ■■■■.■ 





; M 


% m mm Wm 


A Visit to the Weavers' 

Iris Garden 



8624 Golden Ridge Road, in Lakeside. 
They are typical suburbanite folks, with 
a typical-sized family and with typical 
commuting problems. But what is atypical 
about the Weavers is that superimposed 
upon all their normal activities they have 
one big unifying and abiding interest. 
That interest is irises. It isn't a commer- 
cial type of thing; they do not sell irises; 
the interest is just as a hobby. 

One result of this interest is that visi- 
tors to the Weaver's home are privileged 
to see what certainly is one of the most 
extensive collections of iris-thematic items 
in existence. This collection includes 
china, flatware, trophies, stationery, ce- 
ramics, textiles, writings, furniture, carv- 
ings, paintings, etc., ad infinitum. 

Another result of this interest is that 
the Weaver's garden includes one of the 

most beautiful collections of irises avail- 
able in this area. The garden primarily 
features tall-bearded varieties, but there 
also is a scattering of spurias, Louisianas, 
and Pacific Coast hybrids. Specimen stalks 
from this garden, displayed at the Spring- 
time Iris Show in Balboa Park, San Diego, 
have won for the Weavers a hoard of 
medals, trophies, certificates, and ribbons 
of all colors. 

In preparation for this special iris issue, 
Betty Mackintosh, staff photographer for 
the California Garden magazine, took 
her camera to the Weaver's garden one 
recent afternoon. The photographs re- 
produced on these pages vividly illustrate 
what results when an expert photographer 
is given opportunity to work with such 
wonderful subjects as these perfectly- 
grown irises. ■ 



Photos by Betty Mackintosh, taken in the Weavers' garden. 

"Crinoline" is a tall bearded iris of the 
type which is designated a "plicata" ; 
the center area of the petals are one 
color, the outer perimeter a different 

"Yellow Wings" is a spuria iris. This variety, hybridized by Walker Ferguson 
of Escondido, has yellow petals which extend out an unusual distance from 
the center of the blossom, giving reason for the descriptive name. 

"Marie Phillips" is the name of this 
tall bearded variety. This bloomstalk, 
grown by the Weavers, was selected as 
"queen of the show" by the fudges at 
the 1968 Spring Iris Shoiv in Balboa 
Park, San Diego. 

This is a Pacific Coast iris of the type which grows 
wild in Northern California and Oregon — but 
which is very happy to be domesticated in San 
Diego gardens. This beautiful photograph of a 
beautiful subject won honors for photographer 
Betty Mackintosh at the photo exhibit at the 1968 
Southern California Expo at Del Mar. 

• To obtain coverage for this special iris issue, California Gar- 
den magazine 's staff photographer Betty Mackintosh visited the 
Carrington garden a few weeks ago. The excellent photographs 
which accompany this article illustrate the fascinating variety 
to be found in the iris family. 

This striking view of one of Thelma 
Carrington' s Japanese iris seedlings, 
taken from beloiv, accentuates the thin 
airy texture of the petals. 

Visiting The Carrington Garden 


r. and Mrs. N. Reavis Carring- 
ton live at 6283 Buisson Street in the Uni- 
versity City district of San Diego; they have 
been garden enthusiasts for many years. 

Mrs. Carrington (Thelma) was Show 
Chairman of the first iris show held in San 
Diego; her most recent honor was to win 
the American Iris Society's Bronze Medal 
for her irises at the 1968 Southern Cali- 
fornia Exposition at Del Mar. In addition 
to growing irises, Thelma also hybridizes 
them. A half dozen of her iris seedlings 
have been named and registered. During 
recent iris shows she has given educational 
demonstrations of the procedure by which 
she sprouts the embryo plants of her hy- 
bridized seeds in agar solution, in test 

Reavis Carrington himself is particu- 

larly proud of his clump of the famous 
spuria iris "Golden Lady;" stalks from it 
have won him blue ribbons at iris shows 
in Los Angeles as well as in San Diego. 
Reavis also maintains a separate planting 
of tall bearded irises on some of his prop- 
erty in Del Mar. 

The Carringtons do not limit their gar- 
dening interest to irises alone; their garden 
also features roses, daylilies, berries, fruits, 
and vegetables. But the irises seem to pre- 
dominate, and they certainly are one of the 
most diversified collections in this area. 
In addition to tall bearded irises and spur- 
ias, the Carrington garden also boasts num- 
bers of arilbred irises, Japanese irises. 
Siberians, Louisianas, Pacific Coast hybrids, 
plus a dozen or more species irises of as- 
sorted categories. 

The species Iris Pseudacorus has an 
exotic looking blossom and is Euro- 
pean in origin. This plant is a water 
lover; its tall green foliage is excellent 
for use in large arrangements. 

This very photogenic Pacific Coast hy- 
brid has heavy reining on petals which 
curl under abruptly near the tips — giv- 
ing a chopped-off impression in vertical 


"Golden Lady' is one of the best 
known of spuria irises; it has a rich 
yellow color, excellent substance, and 
is very poriferous. Bloomstalks reach a 
height of 5 feet. 




by Bill Gunther 

Thelma Carrington, wearing a dress 
featuring an iris pattern, looks over 
blossoms of some of her own Japanese 
iris seedlings. 

The species Iris Ensata has long nar- 
row floral parts; the bloomstalk is only 
about nine inches tall and the blossom 
is proportionately small. 

Spuria irises stand out in bright con- 
trast against the backdrop of a redwood 


ODAY is the 19th of July, and the 
iris season here in Southern California is 
supposed to be over. But in my garden 
there are bearded irises in bloom, also 
Pacific Coast hybrids, also Japanese hy- 
brids, also a Louisiana hybrid (Holley 
Blu), also a Siberian hybrid (Caesar's 
Brother). Also today I have six iris 
species in bloom. They are laevigata, 
douglasiana, tectorum, ensata, kaempferi, 
and dichotoma. 

The reason why these irises still are 
blooming here, but not in most other iris 
gardens in the Southland, is not due to 
any superior gardening ability on my part. 
Rather it is due to the fact that my iris 
garden is closer to the ocean than other 
gardens of this area; it is on a hillside 
which overlooks the ocean. The ocean 
breezes stabilize the temperature here so 
that it very rarely reaches 80°F. and it 
has dropped to the freezing point only 
once during the past six years. Because 
of this stable temperature many of the 
iris plants seem to get confused to the 
point that they don't really know what 
season it is, and they bloom irregularly 
off and on for a good part of the year in- 
stead of just in the springtime when irises 
are supposed to bloom. 

In addition to the irises listed above, 
I would be able to include as least one 
additional species (Iris tridentata) as be- 
ing in bloom today except for the fact 
that every one of its blossoms was eaten 
up yesterday. They were eaten up by a 
garden pest which eats up far more of 
my irises than all other insects, critters, 
and plant diseases combined. And yet 
that pest is not even mentioned in the 
American Iris Society's listing of iris pests 
in its book "Garden Irises." Neither is 
it mentioned in any other list of garden 
pests which I have seen. 

That New Pest 
The pest I refer to is the chuckawalla, 
and I suspect that many readers of this 
article don't even know what a chucka- 
walla is. 

A chuckawalla is about two and a half 
feet long. He has horns on his head. He 
also has horns along his back. He looks 
like a small dinosaur, or like a drab- 

colored iguana, or like a highly-enlarged 
horned-toad. Like all of them, he is a 
type of lizard. 

Biology books indicate that the habitat 
of the chuckawalla is restricted to iso- 
lated rocky areas of the desert. But 
chuckawallas don't read books, and don't 
know about those restrictions. So they 
have followed the crowds and have moved 
in, along with the hippies, to the coastal 
strip of Southern California. Here, their 
favorite place to set up housekeeping 
(the chuckawallas; not the hippies) is 
under the hollow red roof-tiles of old 
Spanish-style houses — like mine. 

The chuckawallas have no trouble get- 
ting up to the roofs; they can climb trees 
and vines just like cats, and they can 
jump surprising distances from a tree 
branch to a roof. There they rattle around 
happily; the hot tiles are just like the hot 
rocks where they used to live, out in the 

They Have Good Taste 

Whenever a chuckawalla-on-the-roof 
decides that it is lunchtime he instinctively 
looks down to see if he can sight a nice 
cactus blossom, which is his favorite desert 
dessert. There are no cactus blossoms in 
my garden, but the chuckawallas don't 
seem to mind. That is because they have 
decided that iris blossoms are even more 
delicious. And more nutritious too. That 
is a testimonial. 

When a hungry chuckawalla looks 
down and sees a beautiful iris blossom, 
he promptly climbs down from the roof 
and makes bee-line tracks for it. He 
bends the stalk down to ground level, 
then chomps off the blossom and gulps 
it down whole. This gives the impression 
that he is unmannerly and that he is not 
truly appreciative of the delicate texture 
and flavor of his beautiful snack. 

But really, he is truly appreciative of 
those blossoms. This is evidenced by the 
fact that he will hunt around for more 
of them, and he will eat a dozen or more 
of them before he is satisfied — after which 
he will promptly return to the roof for 
an afternoon siesta in the sunshine, up 
on those warm tiles. 

All of these actions of the chuckawalla 

Continued, page 21 



Continued from page 15 
comparable to the long-stemmed commer- 
cially-grown carnations which are so popu- 
lar with florists. But in contrast to a car- 
nation, a Siberian iris is subtle, and cool, 
and not at all gaudy. In color and in 
shape the blossom of a Siberian iris is 
graceful and airy and in taste; it is deli- 
cate; it is not just a blob of harsh color 
like those flower-decals which the hip- 
pies paste onto their VW beetles. Si- 
berians range in color all the way from a 
dark purplish-blue to pure white, and a 
few have subtle touches of cream color- 
ing — but none of them come in fire-en- 
gine-red, thank you. 

What They're Like 

Like all irises, Siberians are perennial. 
A clump will stay alive and bloom year 
after year, indefinitely. But unlike the 
bearded irises, Siberians do not require 
"dividing" every few years. The Siberian 
species and hybrids collectively constitute 
a botanic "series," and no member of that 
series will "cross" or hybridize with any 
bearded iris or with any spuria iris. Si- 
berians are beardless; the wild species 
from which the garden Siberians were 
developed are native to central Europe 
and to Southern Asia; not to Siberia. 
The stems of all garden Siberians are 
tall and thin and hollow; the stems of 
other irises are thicker and fleshier and 
not hollow. Siberians — in comparison 
with bearded irises — are practically dis- 

This year, the Siberians in Southern 
California began their blooming season 
early in April. Many were on display at 
the Spring Iris Shows in Arcadia (in mid- 
April) and at San Diego (early in May). 
Others were shown at the Mission Val- 
ley Show in late May. And Siberians also 
were on display at the Southern Cali- 
fornia Exposition at Del Mar during the 
last week of June and the first week of 
July. This represents a bloom season for 
these irises of over three months; nowhere 
else do they bloom for so long a dura- 

Many people who visited these shows 
did not particularly notice the Siberians. 
This is because Siberians are hopelessly 
overwhelmed when set amidst the much 
larger and much more gaudy tall-bearded 
irises and spuria irises. However, the 
pictures which illustrate this article — 
despite the limitations of black-and-white 
photography — may serve better than many 
paragraphs of words to recall the unas- 
suming charm of these little irises. (All 
of these photographs were taken in Cali- 



Siberian irises will die if their roots 
are completely submerged, but they 
grow vigorously if planted along the 
bank of a pond or stream a few inches 
above water level. Such a setting ac- 
centuates the value of the tall stems 
which soar above the foliage. 

fornia in 1968.) 

Where You Can Get Them 

Named varieties of Siberian irises are 
not yet stocked in any local nursery; the 
nearest commercial garden which sells 
them by mail order is the Melrose Gar- 
dens, 309 Best Road, South, Stockton, 
California 95206; they will send an illus- 
trated descriptive catalog and price list 
free, on postcard request. As a starter for 
your garden, we suggest the hybridized 
variety "Caesar's Brother," because it is 
inexpensive and because it seems to be 
the best performer for this area. 

Another way of obtaining Siberian 
irises (not named varieties) is by plant- 
ing seeds. This method is not for the 
impatient person, because the seeds after 
planting may take several months to ger- 
minate, and the small plants after sprout- 
ing may take two years to grow to bloom- 
ing size. But if you have the patience to 
tend the seeds until they germinate, and 
to tend the baby plants until they mature, 
when the first blossom opens you will 
feel a sense of prideful fulfillment just as 
if that iris were your own baby. Which, 
in a sense, it is; you planted the seed. 

If you are tempted, send a self-ad- 
dressed stamped envelope to the Cali- 
fornia Garden magazine, Floral Build- 
ing, Balboa Park, San Diego, California 
92101, with a note requesting some hy- 
brid Siberian iris seeds. There is no 
charge. A dozen mixed hybrid seeds, 
and instructions for planting and care, 
will be sent to you by return mail. 

We wish you happy gardening, and we 
hope that your Siberian babies will be the 
blue ribbon winners of 1971 ! m 


. . . with complete, personalized at- 
tention to your every garden need. 

and tf-latUt 

PHONE 297-4216 


r lower Shop 


Flowers for all Occasions 
3334 Fifth Ave. 233-7101 

Every Sunday afternoon 

you are invited to 


Sponsored by 




Hillside Drive 

Overlooking La Jolla Shores, just 
up the hill from Torrey Pines Road, or 
down the hill from Mt. Soledad, is 
HILLSIDE NURSERY. Whichever ap- 
proach you take, you'll find a WON- 
gonias, Philodendrons, Tropicals, fine 
House Plants — a wide variety of well 
grown nursery stock. 

Corey Hogewoning, Prop. 



are so very human-like, and his expres- 
sion is so soulful, and he appears so un- 
apprehensive and trusting in nature, that 
no sensitive person could harm him. And 
none except sensitive persons are iris- 
arians. So our chuckawalla chomps away 
on our irises, right in broad daylight, 
right in front of us, and doesn't get mur- 
dered for it. 

Proposed Solution 

Instead of hurting the chuckawallas, 
we are referring the whole thing to the 
Scientific Committee of the American 
Iris Society. Obviously, it is their prob- 
lem. They should do something to make 
the chuckawallas go back to the desert 
where they belong. ■ 

Happy Ending for UC 
Research Project: Wasp Teams 
Controlling Olive Scale 

Garden Books Old And New 

New Structures in Flower Arrange- 
ment, by Frances Bode. Hearthside 
Press, Inc., Publishers, New York, 
126 Pages, 94 illustrations, some in 
color, $5.95. 

In this book is presented the art of flow- 
er arranging using the new forms, the new 
trends. For those arrangers who have been 
watching, and trying the new trends, here, 
in this book are the answers to many of 
your questions. The exciting vocabulary 
of today's art is explained and illustrations 
are given. These contemporary structures, 
most of them inspired by other art media — 
MUM - ART — are described, defended 
and illustrated. 

With a background in Art, Mrs. Bode is 
most qualified to present such a book. A 
Bachelor of Arts degree in art and art 
history from Mills College; a teaching 
credential from the University of Cali- 
fornia at Berkeley; and a Master of Arts 
degree from Sacramento State College in 
art and anthropology; a well-known mem- 
ber of National Council of State Garden 
Clubs, a lecturer and teacher, and the 
author of an earlier book, "Creativity in 
Flower Arrangement," published in 1967, 
are some of her qualities and talents in 
this field. 

The 94 illustrations in color and black 
and white are by the author's husband. He 
has attempted to capture the essence of the 
arrangements and records them with re- 
markable clarity. 

This is a provocative book on the latest 
trends, most capably and delightfully pre- 
sented by the author. (A just-released 

Alice H. Miller 
El Cajon, Calif. 

Landscaping for Western Living, by 
Sunset Magazine. Lane Books, March 

1968. 160 p. illus. $2.95. 

The Western approach to home land- 
scaping is illustrated as well as explained 
to the novice and the newcomer, in 159 
pages crammed with useful information. 
The short paragraphs interpret and illus- 
trate the highlights of landscaping a new 
residence or redesigning or renovating 
and overgrown older place. 

How to get more living out of every 
square foot of the land you paid for, by 
expert site planning for your family's 
activities, with comfort and liveability is 
the theme of all the paragraphs. Effective 
landscape planning before planting cre- 
ates the whole picture to make your gar- 
den useful, beautiful and liveable. There 
are garden ideas and plans for dedicated 
gardeners and for casual gardeners. Re- 
modeling of existing gardens shows liv- 
ing areas and play areas by using decks 
and terraces for easier maintenance and 
more outdoor living. 

Hillside and sloping lots with run-off 
control of drainage problems, and climate 
control by use of panels and baffles, and 
roofs and sun shades of various types for 
heat control may help you solve those 
problem spots. 

Your garden planned for outdoor liv- 
ing, includes lightscaping and floodlight- 
ing of areas. Special heating to prolong 
outdoor use is also touched upon, and also 
the use of water for reflecting pools and 
fountains to cool the outdoor living areas. 

Site plans with problems are illustrated 
with plans and photographs by well- 
known contemporary landscape archi- 
tects, together with lists of plants recom- 
mended for specific situations. These add 
to the down-to-earth usefulness of this 
book for the planner trying to carry out 
his ideas with a fresh viewpoint that 
causes his garden to reflect his own per- 
sonal characteristics. 

Vera Morgan 


20- year-old University of Cali- 
fornia research project has come to a 
happy ending. In this case, happiness is 
millions of tiny, beneficial wasps — na- 
tives of the Middle East who now call 
California home. 

The villain of the story is an insect 
pest, the olive scale, which invaded Cali- 
fornia in the mid-1930's. It attacked al- 
most all kinds of fruit trees as well as 
ornamentals such as roses, oleander, coto- 
neaster and privet hedges. Within a 
dozen years, the scale, which encrusts and 
sucks juices from its plant hosts, was caus- 
ing widespread damage in the central part 
of the state. 

Scale insects are particularly good can- 
didates for biological control, so UC en- 
tomologists began to search for natural 
insect enemies of the olive scale. Since 
the pest itself comes from Northern India 
or Pakistan, the logical place to look was 
in that part of the world. Sure enough, 
the first break-through, in 1951, came 
from Iran, in the form of a shipment of 
parasitized scales sent by UC Entomolo- 
gist A. M. Boyce — later Dean of the 
College of Agricultural and Biological 
Sciences at Riverside. 

In that package of scale-infested twigs, 
R. L. Boutt of the Division of Biological 
Control at UC, Berkeley, discovered a 
tiny wasp. Its name was Aphytis maculi- 
cornis, and it possessed the useful habit 
of laying its eggs on the olive scale. 

The newcomer was propagated by the 
millions in the laboratory at Berkeley, and 
released in olive orchards by C. B. Huf- 
faker and C. E. Kennett, also of the Divi- 
sion of Biological Control. It made itself 
at home, multiplied and attacked the 
scale, which promptly went into a decline. 

But at this point a complication ap- 
peared — one that is typical of the deli- 
cate balances involved in biological pest 
control. Aphytis, it seemed, didn't much 
like the Central Valley's hot, dry sum- 
mers. The wasp was highly effective 
against olive scale in the spring and fall, 
when it multiplied enormously. But dur- 
ing the hottest period in summer its pop- 
ulations were nearly decimated, thus per- 
mitting the scale pest to recoup its previ- 
ous losses to some extent. 

What was needed was a team-mate — 

Continued, page 24 



San Diego Zoo by Fred Schmidt 

The Renovation of San Diego Zoo's Fern 

by Tim Alter, 
San Diego Zoo 


Photo by Betty Mackintosh 


the entrance to San Diego Zoo's Fern 
Canyon is just north of the Flamingo 
Lagoon and just before you reach the bus 
depot. The winding paths in Fern Can- 
yon lead below to Bear Canyon. The 
visitor may ride to the top mesa again on 
a speedramp which is located a short dis- 
tance down Bear Canyon. 

The Great Clean-Up 

Fern Canyon was originally planted in 
the early days of the 200 and over the 
years has taken quite a beating from the 
public. It was obvious that it was neces- 
sary to work it over and relandscape it. 
This was accomplished the first of the 
year and the results have been pleasing. 
First, we completely and thoroughly 
cleaned up the canyon and pruned ap- 
proximately two hundred miscellaneous 
trees which consisted of jacarandas, silk 
oaks, eugenias and some other smaller 
trees, removing the dead wood (especially 
on the jacarandas) and also thinned out 
the dense upper growth to let in more 
filtered sunlight and improve air circu- 
lation through the branches. Seventeen 
truck loads of brush were removed from 
the canyon and hauled to the dump. We 
then removed old, worn soil from eighteen 

planting areas in the canyon, back-filling 
with U.C. mix (consisting of blood meal, 
potassium sulfate, single superphosphate, 
dolomite lime, calcium carbonate and 
gypsum). This is used with 75% fine 
sand and 25% peat moss. 

It was also necessary to make certain 
repairs to walks, railings and the pools in 
the canyon. 

Fern Canyon now has a complete 
watering system which delivers a low 
precipitation rate of 0.2 inches (5 mm) 
per hour which applies water to the areas 
involved at a rate that the U.C. mix can 
absorb. This was installed by the Gar- 
dening Department of the 200. 

New Plant Combination 

In the new landscaping of the canyon 
the system used in planting was to secure 
pleasing landscaping effects by combining 
the shrubs and plants of different genera 
to produce the best composition. Pre- 
dominance has been placed on ferns. The 
several pools in the canyon lend them- 
selves for a beautiful placement of ferns 
and bromeliads in strategic areas around 
the pools among the rocks. The pools 
contain nymphaea (water lilies) of pink, 
white, yellow and on to deep vermilion 



Photo by Betty Mackintosh 


colors. Some are scented and others are 
either hardy or tropical. The canyon has 
been planted with several hundred of the 
smaller ferns as well as the larger tree 
ferns (alsophila australis and cibotium 
schiedei). Among the smaller ferns are 
cyathea medullaris , Dtcksonians, Nephro- 
lepis Polystichum > Polypodium, Hymeno- 
phyllum Dryopteris, Ameimias and many 
others. We used Rice Paper plant and 
Sasa bamboo plantings for effect in screen- 
ing and basic foundation plantings. 

There are also Rhododendrons, Schef- 
fleras, Araliaceae, Alocasias, Anthuriums 
and several hundred gardenias and camel- 
lias. An attempt was made to plant a 
ground cover in the hillside in the center 
of the canyon with plectranthus but the 
jungle fowl and peacocks (at large in the 
zoo) made a palatable meal of them im- 
mediately after planting. 

Colorful Inhabitants 

Amazon parrots are placed daily on 
hanging rings at different places in the 
canyon and make a bright contrast to the 
surrounding shrubbery. 

A trip through "Fern Canyon" is well 
worth while. One may "drink in" the 
quiet beauty of the place when visiting 
the zoo. ■ 


Top qualify, variety and large stock of 



N-ew Location: 

(Take Palomar Rd. off-ramp and to left to the 
west side of the freeway) 


5870 AVENIDA ENCINAS, CARLSBAD 92008 Phone 753-1196 


San Diego Zoo Photo by Ron Garrison 


Dr. Gary Kuehn of the San Diego Zoo hospital harvests a tray of barley grown in 
the Zoo's new hydroponics unit. No soil is required since hydroponics is the science 
of growing plants in solutions. 

Nutrient-laden "rain" falls periodically on the racks of 224 plastic trays shown 
in the background. The atmosphere is controlled by air conditioning. The daily 
harvest is 610 pounds of barley sprouts. Trays on the lowest level of the racks are 
the first day's growth, while those Dr. Kuehn is removing are full-grown at seven 

This sprouted barley is replacing more and more of the less nutritious and more 
expensive lettuce in the zoo animals' diets, and most of the animals seem to relish it 
just as much as lettuce. 

The unit was purchased from Hydro culture, Inc., of Phoenix, Arizona. 



Continued from page 21 

another parasite that would attack the 
olive scale during the summer, but still 
would not seriously compete with Aphy- 
tis. On the theory that, somewhere, na- 
ture could meet even such exacting 
specifications as these, the entomologists 
started looking again. And in 1957, near 
the Khyber Pass in Pakistan, another 
Riverside entomologist, Paul deBach, 
found parasitized scales that turned out 
to contain the missing team-mate. 

It was another wasp (Coccophagoides 
utilis), and it proved itself able to effec- 
tively attack olive scales during Cali- 
fornia's hottest months, "But Aphytis 
still dominated during weather that was 
favorable to both parasites," Huffaker re- 
ports. "This meant that the two species 
could co-exist. And that is just what they 
have done in California. As a result, 
the scale is under very effective control 
in thousands of acres of olive orchards 
where the parasites are encouraged ■ — not 
to mention all the roadside plantings of 
oleander, and landscape ornamentals 

In most of these areas, a natural bal- 
ance between parasite and prey has been 
achieved, with just enough scales surviv- 
ing to maintain a population of wasps. 

Meanwhile, the Berkeley biological 
control specialists have developed a grow- 
your-own parasite system for farmers, to 
replace the slow and expensive method of 
producing wasps in the laboratory. First, 
one or two trees in an orchard are sprayed 
with a long-lasting insecticide that kills 
the parasites but doesn't inhibit the scale. 
As a result, the pests take over and within 
a year or two encrust the trees with enor- 
mous population. When the insecticide 
wears off, the two species of parasite 
move in — and their populations, too, 
boom in response to the greater supply 
of hosts. 

Then, following a time-table worked 
out by the UC entomologists, the grower 
cuts branches from the trees and carries 
the scales — each with an immature 
parasite inside it — to a new site. 

After somewhat more than 20 years, 
the UC research project for biological 
control of olive scale has (1) developed 
the two-wasp team for control, (2) re- 
duced the cost to almost nothing, and 
(3) shown how to integrate the biological 
control method with chemical sprays 
necessary for other pests. 


DEL MAR— The San Diego Cactus & 
Succulent Society captured the grand award 
for making the best overall contribution 
to the Southern California Expo flower 

Jim Stalsonburg, the society's fair chair- 
man, accepted the award. 

Stalsonburg said the San Diego Cactus 
& Succulent Society has participated in the 
exposition flower show for the past five 
years. This is the first grand award the so- 
ciety has won in the show. 

Awards were presented by R. J. O'Con- 
nor, expo manager, in a ceremony at 
the flower show. Other awards announced 
by Robert Lamp, flower show superintend- 
ent, include : 

Kate Sessions Award, to Mrs. J. H. 
Symons, 1859 Linden St., Riverside, for 
most points accumulated in arrangements, 
corsages and specimen blooms competition. 

Special Award, to the San Diego Bonsai 
Society for maintenance of the newly cre- 
ated bonsai exhibits division. 

Rose Division Award to Mr. and Mrs. 
Cutler, 4671 Toni Lane, San Diego, for 
their contributions as host and hostess for 
the rose show. 

Awards for best maintained feature ex- 
hibits, Palomar Cactus & Succulent Society, 
cactus exhibit; Rosemary Gornick, Duffs 
Florist, Escondido, cut flowers; North 
County Shade Plant Club, garden clubs; 
Mrs. Mildred A. Murray, 467 E. Fulvia, 
Encinitas, hanging baskets; Stubbs Nurs- 
ery, 277 Hillcrest Drive, Leucadia, nursery- 
men, and Mr. and Mrs. Frantz Tascher, 
271 Ocean View, Del Mar, individual 

Award for best maintained exhibit, jun- 
ior division, Fallbrook Future Farmers of 
America. ■ 

Patronize Our Advertisers! 

STUBBS NURSERY =7 / . P ( . / 



277 Hillcrest Drive, North Leucadia 

One block east of Vulcan 







Photos by 
Betty Mackintosh 

Toppled Stones 

Nearby picnic area 


destined to become second 
San Diego Pioneer Park 

by Virginia M. Innis 


dents of San Diego have said that some- 
thing should be done about the Old 
Calvary Cemetery in Mission Hills. For 
as many years, the residents of Mission 
Hills have put forth efforts to effect a 
change. However, the condition of the 
cemetery has continuously deteriorated 
and neighborhood residents demanded 
the City Council action which was taken 
in June in the form of a resolution de- 
claring abandonment of the cemetery 
which precluded further burials and is the 
first step of conversion of the cemetery 
into a pioneer park. 

The residents of Mission Hills have 
been pressing for this action since 1957. 

Virginia M. Innis, a graduate of San Diego 
State College, has more than 60 unit hours in 
history to her credit. Her love for history is 
reflected in the article on Calvary Cemetery. 
Mrs. Innis spent a great deal of research time 
assembling the material for this article. 

That year the state legislature enacted 
laws through health and safety codes 
8825 through 8829 which provides that 
if a cemetery endangers the healthy safety, 
comfort or welfare of the public that the 
government may declare it abandoned if 
not more than 10 burials have occurred 
in the past five years. The same law pro- 
vides for the removal of headstones 
and memorials. The law further states 
that such parks be dedicated as pioneer 
parks and that a central memorial be 
placed in the cemetery to honor those 
who have been interred. Pioneer parks 
are exclusive of any recreational attrac- 
tions. They are "quiet-quiet" parks. 

Calvary Cemetery has not been a quiet 
place for many years. The roar of motor- 
cycles has fumed from the cemetery and 
the still has been broken by the gleeful 
cry of vandals and the crunching of head- 
stones. Today most of the headstones are 
toppled. Fragments of glass lie scat- 
tered. Only graceful old pepper trees 

have weathered the abuse and neglect 
with gnarled dignity. 

The cemetery is on the shoulder of 
Pringle Hill and as one stands in the 
cemetery on the crest of this hill all is not 
ugliness. Downhill, a profusion of li- 
monium, commonly called sea lavender 
(a type of strawflower) turns the hill- 
side white tinged lavender. There is a 
view of the bay and the sea over which 
came many of these early pioneers and 
leaders buried therein. 

Calvary Cemetery was San Diego's sec- 
ond Catholic cemetery. The first was El 
Campo Santo, now a PIONEER PARK 
located in the 2400 block of San Diego 
Avenue in Old Town. Many of the first 
pioneers were buried in the first cemetery. 
On July 10, 1868 the cornerstone was 
laid for the Church of The Immaculate 
Conception, 2540 San Diego Avenue. 
Because of financial difficulties, the church 
was not constructed and worship was con- 
tinued in the Old Adobe Chapel. On 



October 27, 1873, the church of the Im- 
maculate Conception, City of San Diego, 
State of California in the Catholic diocese 
of Los Angeles and Monterey acquired 
from the city of San Diego land for Cal- 
vary cemetery. 

The Calvary site was originally Pueblo 
land that had been owned by the city of 
San Diego, but in 1869 the city sold the 
land to Joseph S. Mannasse who grew 
grain on the land. In 1873, Mannasse, 
who was a member of the hide firm of 
Mannasse & Schiller, resold the city 
twenty acres at fifty dollar an acre. Ten 
acres on the north side of this tract of 
land were set aside for a Catholic ceme- 
tery and ten acres on the south side were 
set aside for a Protestant cemetery. Cal- 
vary developed on the South side and 
this has created a mystery. 

Burials are listed as having occurred 
in El Campo Santo from around 1850 to 
1880. It is generally known that the 
cemetery was overflowing as early as 
1870. At this time some had taken their 
dead to the Presidio Hill for burial. The 
Calvary site is a little over a mile south 
on San Diego Avenue and east up Pringle 
Hill. This writer feels the logical as- 
sumption which would resolve the mys- 
tery is that burials occurred on the south 
tract before the land was acquired for 
the purpose. 

Father Ubacb 

There are many areas of speculation 
concerning Calvary because a fire de- 
stroyed many of the church documents 
on Calvary. It is also supposed that the 
cemetery was planned and consecrated by 
Father Antonio Ubach. Among the 1,650 
known buried in Calvary, Father Ubach 
lies buried in the priest section and is 
the most widely known and romantic 
figure buried at Calvary. 

Among the early protesters about the 
condition of the cemetery were a few 
who had known Father Ubach personally. 
One lady, in a letter to former city man- 
ager George Bean, stated "I knew Father 
Ubach very well, and I know of his un- 
limited charity and great work among 
the Indians. He was the Father Gaspero 
in the story "Ramona" written by Helen 
Hunt Jackson." It has been suggested 
that any single memorial placed in Cal- 
vary be situated at Father Ubach' s grave. 

No Upkeep Provisions 
From the beginning no provisions were 
made for the upkeep of Calvary and per- 
haps this is why the cemetery has been 
in need of care for so many years. Cal- 

vary was used by the Catholic church 
until Holy Cross cemetery was acquired in 
1918. The church did not sell lots in 
Calvary after 1920. The parish of the 
Immaculate Conception was very poor and 
did not see the construction of the church 
sanctuary until 1919- The responsibility 
and care of the lots in Calvary fell upon 
the relatives of those who were buried 
there. Many of these relatives feel some- 
what bitter toward the church for letting 
the cemetery fall into the condition it 
is in. 

North Section Not Used 

The north section of the tract of land 
intended for a Protestant cemetery was 
never used. Mount Hope was established 
by the city in 1868 and many of the 
pioneers are buried there including the 
Babcocks, Hortons, Marstons and Ses- 
sions. It is assumed that some Protestants 
were buried in the old El Campo Santo. 
Some of the infamous, including Yankee 
Jim Robinson, were buried there. 

Calvary was used extensively from 
1880 to 1920. A San Diegan who re- 
members the burials during the first 
quarter of this century is Pasquale Anto- 
nicelli. He came from Italy to San Diego 
and arrived on March 2, 1913. On March 
29 he started working for Kate Sessions. 
Both he and his brother, Guiseppe, re- 
ceived their nursery training under Miss 
Sessions in the vicinity of Calvary Ceme- 
tery. Miss Sessions holdings touched the 
north tract of land owned by the city. 

During 1908 and 1909 the city had 
been given back five acres of the ten set 
aside for Calvary Cemetery. They had 
also assumed that the other ten would 
not be utilized as a cemetery by Protest- 
ants. Pasquale Antonicelli remembers 
setting out trees on this city-owned land. 
He recalls that the city did not have water 
and that he personally carried water to 
the young trees. 

Memories of Early Days 

The Sessions Nursery was located on 
Fort Stockton at Randolph Street on the 
SW corner. A few blocks away Miss 
Sessions lived in the two-story house on 
the NE corner of Randolph Street at 
Montecito. The house is well marked 
by a huge Montezuma cypress growing in 
the yard. In the back of the Sessions 
house, Miss Sessions and her brother grew 
poinsettias. This is the area where the 
Francis Parker School now stands. 

In 1914 the construction of the Grant 
School adjacent to Calvary Cemetery 
added a warm and pleasing building to 

the area. The school was designed in the 
grand Spanish style by T. C. Kistner of 
the architectural firm of Kistner, Wright 
and Wright; the architectural firm later 
moved to Los Angeles. And San Diego 
architectural firms designed the additions. 

Of the three prominent San Diegans 
who attended Grant School in the 30's 
architect David Tennebaum remembers 
Grant as a comfortable school and men- 
tioned that it was one of the first schools 
built on the finger design with circulat- 
ing air inside and outside. Tennebaum 
also recalls strolling through the ceme- 
tery. A boy in the 30's, he remembered 
that even in those days the tombstones 
seemed old and he was awed by the dates. 
He described Calvary as a "Tom Sawyer" 
type place and he remembered the orig- 
inal plank fence that enclosed the ceme- 
tery. He also remarked that occasionally 
stones were toppled over in those days. 

Both Pasquale Antonicelli and his 
brother, Guiseppe had sons whom they 
named Frank. When one of the Grant 
teachers called on Frank Antonicelli, two 
hands went up. The teacher discovered 
one boy had a second name. This was 
Pasquale' s son, who became Alfred 
Frank. In 1924 Kate Sessions sold her 
holdings in Mission Hills and the late 
Guiseppe Antonicelli purchased the prop- 
erty next door and founded the Mission 
Hills nursery. Frank Antonicelli now 
operates the nursery. Pasquale Antoni- 
celli founded the Washington Street 
Nursery which he and his son, Alfred 
Frank, operate. 

Jane Minshall, landscape architect for 
the San Diego City Schools and Frank 
Antonicelli both recall attending Grant 
School during the late 30's. Both re- 
called that funerals were getting far apart 
in those days and that the children stop- 
ped their school work or games of kick 
ball to watch the funeral processions and 
the cars and people around the cemetery. 
If a child couldn't get a good view, many 
were not above hinging back a plank in 
the fence. 

Grant School Needs Space 
Many additions have been made to the 
original Grant School. None are quite as 
charming as the original, a fact which 
had been attributed to the limited budget 
architects have met. Today, the school 
needs more playground space and has 
been solving the problem by using some 
of the city park land which is level and 
just north of the adobe cemetery wall. 
The Grant school is perhaps one of 



San Diego's most charming school struc- 
tures, but because it was constructed be- 
fore the Long Beach earthquake it is on 
the list of schools that must be rebuilt or 
replaced to meet the requirements of the 
1934 Field Act that require consideration 
construction of a two-story school would 
release some of the land for the needed 
play areas. The San Diego City Schools 
has been hoping that the area north of 
the cemetery wall would not be developed 
by the parks until added play area is pro- 
vided. Many feel that Grant School is 
the one school that the city schools might 
reconstruct according to the original de- 
sign. If this occurs, the space for the 
city schools playground presents a prob- 

For many years there had been a dirt 
road along by the school, but in 1925 
voters approved a portion of the Park 
lands to be used for the paved road that 
was extended at Randolph and Washing- 
ton Place. 

During the depression, federal work 
projects, known as W.P.A., were available 
to counties on a basis of fifty-fifty pay- 
ment. The Calvary Cemetery was in need 
of a new wall and repair. Albert V. 
Mayrhofer collected money, mostly given 
in small amounts, but totaling over two 
thousand dollars for a work project to be 
carried out in the cemetery. The ceme- 
tery was too small as a unit to apply for 
a W.P.A. project; however, the city could 
enter it along with other projects and 
qualify. For this purpose, the Catholic 
Church passed the title of the cemetery 
to the city of San Diego in 1938. The 

Walter Andersen 


Nursery Stock and Garden Supplies 
for Beautiful Gardens 

We Specialize in Indoor Plants 

3860 Rosecrans San Diego 10 

Phone 296-6251 

adobe wall was constructed under the 
W.P.A. and the cemetery was cleaned. 
The supervision of the cemetery fell under 
the supervision of the cemetery manager 
of Mount Hope Cemetery. After the 
cleaning and restoration, a caretaker was 
assigned to the cemetery from 1940 to 
August 1949 when he was transferred 
back to Balboa Park. 

Frank Antonicelli recalls that the U.S. 
Army Air Force had a camp in the ceme- 
tery briefly during 1942. At this time, 
there was fear of an invasion and bal- 
loons were floated over Convair from 
the cemetery site. When the fear of in- 
vasion lifted, the soldiers left the ceme- 

No funds were ever set aside for the 
care of Calvary Cemetery with the ex- 
ception of the caretaker's salary. After 
the caretaker was recalled the cemetery 
started downhill again and the residents 
started asking for something to be done. 

Under the administration of Mount 
Hope the cemetery was given "orphan's" 
care. This doesn't mean no care, but 
rather the care that came from concern. 
About four times each year the clean-up 
crews came from Mt. Hope, set the head- 
stones and cleaned the cemetery. From 
time to time, the department of public 
works repaired the adobe wall when it 
had been damaged by rains and vandal- 
ism. During the time the W.P.A. project 
was undertaken, a valuable service was 
rendered by the city engineer. A com- 
plete survey of the cemetery was made, 
and old roads, walks and cornerstones 
were noted. With the help of Randal L. 
Taylor, cemetery manager of Mount Hope ; 
a master over-all map was made. Nine 
sheets of graves information was compiled 
and eight pages of detailed drawings were 
made. This information will greatly aid 
in placing information of the central 
marker that the cemetery, as a pioneer 
park, will have. Jerome Belleau of the 
city parks department, said that he wanted 
this information placed on the central 

Under the supervision of Mount Hope 
at least 46 interments were made and 
twelve removals. One interment was 
Albert V. Mayrhofer who died in 1949- 
Four Mexican soldiers killed in an early 

revolution in Tijuana were removed to be 
reburied when a memorial was con- 
structed in Mexico. Removed from Cal- 
vary were: General Jose Marroque, Pastor 
Ramos, Francisco Canevas and Alfonso 

Upon the announcement that the ceme- 
tery is destined to become a pioneer park 
one relative has expressed the intent to 
effect a removal. Many concur with one 
of the last wishes expressed by the late 
Bishop Buddy of the San Diego Catholic 
Diocese who said, "The turning of Cal- 
vary into a pioneer park is the only way 
to show continued respect for the dead 
buried therein." 

City park plans call for the program 
of conversion to be completed by 1971. 
When the remaining acreage will be de- 
veloped is a matter which will unfold 
with the park's future plans. 

Pasquale Antonicelli recalls that tennis 
courts were on the northeast side of 
Grant School and that immediately fol- 
lowing World War II they were lost to 
make way for the construction of the 
Washington Street off-ramp. Mr. Antoni- 
celli also recalled that after he returned 
from a visit to Italy he was shocked to 
find that a stand of cork oak and pen- 
dulum acacia had been cut to make way 
for the construction of tennis courts that 
are still on the corner of Randolph Street 
on Washington Place. On the Randolph 
Street side of the tennis courts a pendu- 
lum acacia has grown from the roots of 
one of the trees that had been chopped 
down. Mr. Antonicelli thought a long 
time before he remarked, "Kate Sessions 
introduced that tree in the United States." 
Mr. Antonicelli also spoke of one of the 
men who had worked for Miss Sessions 
and who had died in her employment and 
was buried at Calvary. 

This author had strolled through Cal- 
vary before the headstones were toppled 
and memory recalled headstones that told 
of the Irish, the Italians, and the Pioneers 
who had come from the Eastern United 

Somehow most of us feel these will be 
enfolded in the pioneer park that is to 
be; and somehow that term "Rest in 
Peace" will achieve a new dimension on 
Pringle Hill. ■ 


CALL 755-1758 

302 SO. NARDO (Just Off Skyline Drive; 

Complete Selection of CACTI & OTHER SUCCULENTS 



396 N. Highway 101 

Interstate 5 to Encinitas Road Off-Ramp. West to 101 Then North Vi Mile 

Closed Tuesdays Phone 753-5192 



Nix (P. Valesca Craig '62) Dwarf. Semi-everblooming with q}/ 2 " flat 
gold flowers lightly banded rose amber. 20" high. Rich brown buds. 




• To read a romantic story, try to obtain a copy 
of the American Horticultural Magazine, spe- 
cial issue on Hemerocallis, "Daylily Handbook." 
Daylilies were used by the ancient Chinese people 
before the development of written language for 
art, medicine and food. 



by Thelma Carrington 


ew plants are as rewarding as day- 
lilies, hemerocallis. Dramatic strides in 
hybridizing have given wide ranges of 
colors and forms with varying hues of 
pink — buff — apricot, bicolors, reds and 
intermediate colors and shades. 

Wide eye-zones add interest and spec- 
tacular accent. Only pure white and blue 
are yet to become a reality. 

Some are evergreen and everblooming, 
a definite asset in our semi-tropical area. 
The fountain-like foliage is an attractive 
addition to the perennial border and they 
thrive happily near tall bearded and 
Japanese iris, mingle with carnations and 
delphiniums, roses and sweet William. 

The plants are disease-resistant and 
pest free. These are permanent peren- 
nials which withstand drought, excessive 
moisture, sun and partial shade. They 
thrive in any kind of soil, blooming 
under any and all conditions. Truly a 
lazy man's flower — when established, they 
take care of themselves ! 

Needing division only every three to 
four years, transplanting is best in early 
spring or fall after blooming. Taller 
varieties should have space 36 inches 
apart to spread and increase. Border and 
dwarfs require a distance of 24 inches 



apart. They want full sunlight or partial 
shade in the hottest climates. 

Plant them in a hole 18 x 18 inches 
deep with a mixture of one part peat moss 
or ground bark mixed with one cup of 
superphosphate and two parts of native 
soil. Set the crown of the plant one inch 
below soil surface, firming soil around 
the plant and watering well. 

Keep the plants irrigated until estab- 
lished. A feeding of superphosphate after 
blooming and extra water during hottest 
summer months will reward you with 
bountiful bloomstalks and masses of sum- 
mer color, when garden blooms are at a 

In mixed bouquets, daylilies are an ar- 
ranger's dream. Used in a mass arrange- 
ment, they provide dramatic color accent. 

A new variety is Carl MilUken (Ben 
Hager '61), 38 inches. One of the finest 
new mid-gold with broad overlapping 
segments in a superb large ruffled and 
creped flower on well-branched stems 
with twenty-five blooms per stalk — this 
will provide a mass of brilliant color 
through the hottest months. Carl MilU- 
ken has evergreen foliage and the won- 
derful everblooming habit. 

Nix (Patricia Craig '62), 20 inches 
tall, is another new daylily. An earl) 7 
3V2" wide reblooming-evergreen semi- 
dwarf with flat gold flowers lightly 
banded with rose amber, it is also an ar- 
ranger's delight. Stems and seed pods 
are dark maroon and unopened petals are 
dark, adding an attractive appearance in 
the garden. 

Wealth (Craig '6l) is 34 inches tall. 
It is a reblooming evergreen. Wealth has 
a huge golden flower, very flat-faced. This 
plant is vigorous, floriferous, and prolific, 
admired by garden visitors. An estab- 
lished clump adds spectacular color with 
twenty buds for bloomstalk, giving a 

Carl Milliken (Ben R. Hager 
'62) Semi-everblooming. Stun- 
ning ivide ruffled immaculata 
medium yellow with soft green 
throat. Well branched with 
excellent substance. A fitting 
tribute to a great plant breeder. 

Jong bloom season. 

Wonder (Craig '54), is 20 inches tall. 
It is big, cream with rosewood eye-zone 
and nearly everblooming. It is a semi- 
dwarf with attractive evergreen foliage. 

Yellow Rain (Schlumpf), is 10 to 12 
inches. This is a true dwarf with 
small yellow flowers and short, erect 
stems, nice for border plantings. 

Want to know where to purchase 
these? Try Pilley's Gardens, Valley Cen- 
ter, Calif. 92082; Melrose Gardens, 309 
Best Road South, Stockton, Calif. 95206; 
and Craig's Gardens, Hubbard, Oregon 
97032. Do try some daylilies in your gar- 
den if you haven't before! ■ 

"May the daylily 

(Hsiian Ts'ao) behind the tree, 

Save me from my misery . . ." 

— from Wei-feng, in 
the Classic of Songs (Chinese) 



Calendar of Care 


by Larry Sisk, 

San Diego County Dahlia Society 

J_ ^1 ow is the height of dahlia blos- 
som time. Spectacular garden color re- 
wards the grower for his love and care. 

It also is show time for the exhibition 

Whether the bloom crop is headed for 
the competition bench or for decorative 
use, there are certain techniques that will 
add to the flowers' attractiveness. 


About the time the first blooms start 
to open, careful washing of the plant 
with a fine water spray will remove foli- 
age dust and insecticide residue, and re- 
fresh the plants as well. 

If the blooms are to be cut imme- 
diately, surplus foliage on the selected 
canes may be removed ahead of time. 
This is especially desirable if the blooms 
are intended for showing. 

Timing of Care Important 

In removing foliage, disbranching and 
disbudding, the best time is early morn- 
ing, or before the day warms and causes 
a softening of the plant. While the plant 
is crisp, unwanted foliage and buds will 
snap out easily. 

However, if wayward canes are to be 
tied up and drawn toward the stake, the 
plant will respond with less danger after 
it warms and softens slightly. 

Cutting of the blooms should be done 
in late afternoon or early evening. A pail 
of water should be taken to the plant 

so that the cane can be plunged in imme- 
diately. The reason for this is to prevent 
the hollow cane or stalk from filling with 
air so that circulation is impeded or pre- 

The water should be air temperature. 
Some fanciers advocate filling the con- 
tainer with hot water for even better 
keeping quality of the cut flowers. 

Containers of cut dahlias should be 
placed in a draft-free location overnight 
after which they are ready for arranging 
or staging on the show bench. 

If the blooms are to be transported, 
even for short distances, tying them to- 
gether loosely will prevent nodding and 
snapping. Tying with care is necessary 
to prevent damage to the foliage. 

When staging or arranging, a wad of 
wet cotton should be at hand so the 
foliage can be cleansed of any spots or 
soil. Cutting off an inch or so of the 
end of the cane will enable the bloom to 
take up more water. 

This final cutting is best if done under 
water, and if the stem is to be stuck in a 
frog, the cut should be square. A slant- 
ing cut is better if the cane is destined 
for a vase. 

Some flower lovers advocate placing 
aspirin and other substances in the water 
to improve keeping qualities, but such are 
of doubtful value. The longer one grows 
and exhibits, the more he is convinced 
that a dahlia bloom will remain fresh just 

so long; the maximum is about four days. 
Feeding and Watering Noiv 

Even though this is blossom time, 
dahlia care is especially needed for the 
remainder of the season. There should 
be at least one more good feeding with 
4-10-10 or 2-12-12 (liquid), or better 
still, with only superphosphate and/or 
potash. Feeding with potash now and in 
mid-September is desirable to improve the 
roots and help them keep better during 
winter storage. 

Regular, deep watering is essential 
until the plants quit blooming. Spraying 
to prevent insects and mildew also is 
essential. A special alert is advisable for 
red spider during warm weather. Use of 
kelthane or products containing kelthane 
will prevent or control these pests. 

Karathane and other specifics are 
available to prevent or control mildew. 
Some growers are recommending the new 
systemic which combines insecticide and 

Continuation of this care and removal 
of spent blooms will keep the plants 
blooming into October and possibly into 
November. ■ 



by Larry Sisk 

Worried that the bees won't pol- 
linate your flowers? Attract more of 
them by growing other flowers that 
they like nearby: honeysuckle, coral 
vine, statice, etc. 

Tuber eyes will emerge quicker if 

kept dark a few days after moistening 
and placing in a warm spot. 

Tubers for cuttings should not be 
buried. Cover only about half with 
the crown free. Keep slightly damp, 
not wet. 

Cuttings must have ventilation; if 
plastic tents or covers are used to main- 
tain humidity, be sure that slits, holes, 
or other means allow some movement 
of air. 

Starter beds for cuttings should be 
even with sides, or beds should be 
large enough to allow air circulation. 

Hungry field mice will eat dahlia 
sprouts and emerging eyes; keep traps 
baited with cheese nearby (but not 
close enough to be a hazard). 

Cuttings growing in plant bands — 
especially asphalt paper — should be 
removed before planting out. Other- 
wise the clump will be miserably 
tangled and compact, growing around 
the banding material. 






Calendar of Care 

by Morrison W. Doty 
San Diego Fuchsia Society 



Redwoods above the Golden Gate, there 
are some old fuchsia plants that have 
bloomed every season without any water- 
ing or care for nearly 30 years, and a 
neighbor there has a beautiful 2 5 -year-old 
tree-like fuchsia over ten feet tall. Like 
the redwoods, they thrive on more rain, 
the cool fog, and the rich natural leaf 
mold, with a minimum of care. So that 
area has long been a haven for fuchsia 
hybridizers famous for developing hun- 
dreds of our finest name varieties. How- 
ever, perhaps the equal achievements of 
growers and hybridizers in semiarid parts 
of Southern California despite problems 
of water and soils, extreme drought, extra 
pests and Santa Ana winds are more sur- 

The many ingenious ways to circum- 
vent these hazards and simulate the rain 
forest habitat they love, for maximum 
results is what this story is all about. 
Even in the hottest weather, well estab- 
lished healthy old bushes and plants in 
the ground may need little care beyond 
watering every few days, a mild preven- 
tion spray and fish emulsion feeding two 
or three weeks apart. But this is not true 
of your beautiful basket and container 

In Southern California remember that 
water in proper proportions may be their 
life or death. Most so-called mysterious 


'Everything for the Garden" 

Dramatize the garden. 

Nightscape with 12 volt garden lighting. 




Bankamericard Delivery 

Master Charge 

8480 La Mesa Blvd. — 466-5703 

losses of fine container plants is from 
drying out entirely (as in cool windy 
weather) before you know it. However, 
too much watering of plants in heavy 
shade, or soil mixture too rich in mois- 
ture-holding elements with poor drainage 
may kill container plants also. But it is 
rare indeed compared with dry killing. 
The frequency of watering depends 
upon 3 or 4 things besides temperature; 
such as types of containers, soil mixtures, 
size of plant, exposure, and even its va- 
riety and length of time in the container. 
Redwood boxes, or other containers with 
metal or impervious liners hold moisture 
longer, and soil that includes some clay 
loam, heavy leaf mold, spongerock, or 
good peat, help the roots to keep a moist 
center of life longer. But peat once en- 
tirely dried out may be worthless later. 
Too light, unfamiliar soil mixes that al- 
low water to run through too quickly, 
carrying away most of the nutrient also, 
may easily cause the death of some plants 
at your first absence, or neglect to water 
often during only a few days of dry heat, 
may have the same effect. So it is best 
to finger-test the soil for moisture un- 
derneath in very dry or windy weather, 
every day or two, especially baskets of 
big plants, even if the nights are foggy 
and chilly. 

When to Water 

On hot days the best time to water is 
in the cool of the day, mornings or eve- 
nings, when the foliage may be sprayed 
sharply both below and above to dislodge 
most pests, and refresh the plant. A fog- 
ging nozzle to make a mist around them 
is a great help, since it makes our semi- 
desert air a little more like their natural 
rain-forest habitat. Every few days good 
deep watering to leech out the unwanted 
salts and alkali, that afflict our imported 
water here, should be remembered. Don't 
spray the leaves of a wilted hot dry plant 
(making water burns) nor try to feed it 
until it has recovered from its wilt. 


Being hearty adaptable feeders, fuch- 
sias will do well on most well balanced 
fertilizers. Fish-emulsion concentrates, 
such as Country Squire, Aragro, Blue 
Whale, among others, are very satisfac- 
tory in this area. For heavy bloom, this 
time of year, a formula of 4 or 6-10-8 
fish -concentrate applied every ten days or 
two weeks is favored, in the proportion 
of 1 tablespoon to a gallon of water. 

There is now available a new type fer- 
tilizer, composed largely of granulated 
magnesium ammonium phosphate and 
granulated magnesium potassium phos- 
phate (low in nitrates and potash, but 
high in phosphates) that is intended to 
release itself as it can be accepted, slowly 
over a period of months, like a coated 
fertilizer, but longer lasting. However 
it has not been tried long enough here 
to determine its merits yet. 

Fuchsias that are kept well watered, 
nourished and vigorous are not prone to 
plant diseases. If infected from bad nur- 
sery stock, or neglect, infestation of thrip, 
white fly, red spider mites, or aphis, is 
possible, but can be easily controlled with 
the many sprays available at good 
fuchsia nurseries. Some now claim to be 
even better and safer than the old stand- 
by Lindane and Malathion compounds. 
The systemic long-lasting pesticides are 
also urged upon us, and are preferred by 

But a good mild preventive spray which 
forestalls any infestation, is still a good 
idea for the small grower, and always 
use sprays as mild as possible. This area 
is fortunate in having many good nurser- 
ies that specialize in fuchsias (some of 
which may be called tourist attractions in 
beauty) and all of them have helpful 
information to offer, together with hun- 
dreds of varieties, both new and old. Try 
using orange, or light colored varieties 
to brighten up dull garden nooks, and 
intersperse big ferns, which complement 
your fuchsias with dignity and beauty. 

This summer place comfortable seats 
in your garden that are an invitation to 
linger and enjoy a retreat from this 
troubled world. ■ 



Calendar of Care 

by Bill Gunther 

The many iris shows, general flower 
shows, and garden tours of the last 
months gave opportunity for everyone to 
see many different types of irises in 
bloom, and to note the names of the 
hybrid varieties and the iris species which 
he likes best. 

Now is the time to plan to obtain 
those varieties and species. 

Generally speaking, the best place to 
get any iris is the nearest commercial 
garden which grows the iris which you 
desire. The two important reasons why 
your order should go to the nearest 
grower who has the iris which you de- 
sire are: 

(1) Irises which have been grown in 
an area near your garden already have 
been "acclimated" to the weather and 
water and soil of your area; they are 
less likely to go into a period of "set- 
back" while adjusting to the conditions 
of your garden. 

(2) Many iris varieties (especially 
the beardless types) do not like to 
spend a long time barerooted, in ship- 
ment. An iris coming from a shorter 
distance will be en route for a shorter 
time. It can be replanted sooner, and 
thus will be more likely to thrive and 
bloom for you. 

This being so, if you live in San Diego 
County, and if you desire bearded irises, 
you should now drop a card or note to 
Pilley's Gardens, 29964 Valley Center 
Road, Valley Center, California 92082, 
and request their iris listing. The price 
list will be sent to you by return mail, 
without charge. From this retail listing 
you can select the varieties you desire at 
prices which are as low as those offered 
by any commercial grower in the USA. 
Pilley's Gardens is the only commercial 
grower in San Diego County with an ex- 

tensive listing of bearded irises. All va- 
rieties which are listed by Pilley's Gar- 
dens will bloom well in Southern Cali- 

Southern Californians who desire 
spuria irises should drop a card or note 
to Pilley's Gardens (address above) and 
to Walker Ferguson, 1160 North Broad- 
way, Escondido, California 92025. Both 
listings are free, and prices are compar- 
able, but each of these growers has some 
varieties which are not available from 
the other. Thus, by having both listings 
you will have the best chance of finding 
all the varieties you desire. These are the 
only commercial growers in San Diego 
County which have spuria iris listings. 
All varieties of spuria irises grow very 
well in Southern California if they are 
planted promptly on receipt, and if they 
are kept moist after planting. 

Southern Californians who desire 
named varieties of Pacific Coast irises 
should schedule a Sunday family outing, 
by auto, to get them. A recommended 
itinerary would be via highway 395 to 
Riverside, then West to Claremont for 
a visit to the Ranch Santa Ana Botanic 
Garden (many irises and other native 
California plants in a very beautiful set- 
ting; admission is free), then a few 
blocks west on Foothill Boulevard to the 
Claremont Nursery (where the outstand- 
ing Pacific Coast hybrid iris "Ripple 
Rock" is on sale in gallon cans at the 
bargain price of $1.95), then west to 
Arcadia for a visit to the State and Coun- 
ty Arboretum a few blocks north of the 
racetrack on Baldwin Street (many hybrid 
irises and many exotic plants in natural 
landscaping, admission is free), then west 
a few blocks to the McCaskill Gardens, 
24 South Michillinda Avenue, Pasadena 
(many Pacific Coast irises and other 
plants in cans, cash & carry), then return 
home via Interstate 5. (All gardens and 

nurseries listed in this paragraph are 
open seven days per week. Pacific Coast 
irises are not listed commercially by any 
San Diego County grower. These irises 
do not survive "barerooting" for mail 
order shipment, but they thrive beautifully 
when transplanted from cans into San 
Diego County gardens. The special effort 
required to obtain these irises is most 

The only commercial grower in the 
state of California with a good selection 
of Siberian irises, Louisiana irises, and/ 
or Japanese irises is the Melrose Gardens, 
309-C Best Road South, Stockton, Cali- 
fornia 95206. The Melrose Gardens will 
send a copy of their new 1968 catalogue 
without charge, on request. All the irises 
listed in the Melrose catalogue will be 
shipped by mail, on mail order. All 
Louisiana irises will thrive anyplace in 
Southern California if they are watered 
frequently. Of the Siberian irises, the 
variety "Caesar's Brother" is the easiest 
to grow and the least expensive (only one 
dollar per plant) and the best for South- 
ern California's climate. Other Siberian 
irises perform satisfactorily in this area if 
pampered, but not otherwise. Japanese 
irises do not like the alkaline soil and 
water of Southern California; they will 
bloom here only if grown under special 
conditions such as those which are speci- 
fied for them in the Melrose catalog. 

For detailed information about Japa- 
nese irises, see the California Garden 
magazine for December, 1967; feature 
articles on Louisiana irises and bearded 
irises are in the issue for April, 1966: 
Pacific Coast irises are spotlighted in the 
issue for June, 1967; spurias rate special 
attention in the issue for October, 1967. 
Copies of these back issues may be ob- 
tained at 50c per copy by mail order 
prepaid to the publication office of this 



Calendar of Care 




by J. Wells Hershey and Mary Jane Hershey 
San Diego Rose Society 

Root Your Own Rose Slips For Fun 

hen you find that the long hot 
summer day has left you dry and thirsty, 
you can be certain that your garden is ex- 
periencing the same sensations. Dry, hot 
winds will draw out of the leaves a great- 

deal of water which will require prompt 

replacement in the root zone. Proper hands, try slipping it for fun, and you 

mulching helps keep the bushes' roots may produce an "own-root" rose plant. 

moist, and aids the grower. Although In some cases it will grow better than 

a similar variety on a root stock. In others, 
it may not have as much vigor. "Own- 
root" plants take a year or two longer 
to gain their maximum size than does a 
budded plant. The generally accepted 

tect leaves on it (the perfect leaf has 
five leaflets, the imperfect leaf has 
three). A cut is made one-eighth inch 
below the bottom leaf and one-eighth 
inch above the top perfect leaf. The two 
lower leaves are removed, since they will 
be on the part of the cutting that goes 
into the sand or perlite. 

Treat the butt (or bottom) end with 
a root hormone and insert it in sterile 
medium in the center of the flower pot 
and dampen the soil. Bend a piece of 
wire into a loop and insert its end into 
that it was Peace, and every gardener the soil of the pot so that the loop is 
who bought these bushes in the follow- above the rose slip, (to hold the plastic 
ing "bare root season" should have had freezer bag-in which we are going to 
many pleasurable years of enjoyment place the pot-above the slip). Place the 
from them. Well, if you have one of pot in a plastic freezer bag, tie the top 
these bushes, and some time on your tightly (above the loop) to prevent loss 

mulch is usually applied in the early 
spring months in this area, it is not too 
late to do so now. In fact, we still have 
many warm days ahead, as well as the 
"hot spell" which heralds the start of 
school's fall term. Continue feeding your 
rose bushes through September for Octo- 
ber's crop of blooms. We are thrilled each 
year by the beautiful color of the fall 
roses, — it is truly the last show of 
summer ! 

Have you ever wanted to root your 
own rose slips ? It is fun, and may be the 
way to retain a strong growing vigorous 
plant that is no longer available on the 
market, or preserve an interesting "sport ' 
that has developed on one of your bushes. 
Before we proceed, it must be noted that 
it is against the patent laws to propagate 
any patented variety of roses without the 
permission of the patent owner or his 
licensee, regardless of the reason. 

There is a tremendous variation in the 
strength and vigor of rose plants within 
a variety, because sometimes not enough 
care is taken in selecting the parent plants 
from which bud wood is taken for the 
production of new plants. Our best ex- 
ample of this is the Peace rose. When 
it was first introduced, it was a strong 
growing vigorous rose, but as the years 
went by and its patent expired, the bushes 
did not seem to be as strong and vivid. 
At its peak of popularity, we saw it grow- 
ing in the fields of Armstrong Nurseries, 
standing head and shoulders above all 
the other rows of roses, its deep, dark 
green foliage glistening in the sun, with 
promises of beauty in its color-showing 
buds. Every rosarian in our tour knew 

of moisture. If this is properly done, no 
other moisture other than dampening the 
soil at time of planting need to be given 
until new growth is showing. 

Place the pot in a light but not sunny 
situation. When the new growth appears 
on the slip, the top can be untied and 
opened so that the plant will adjust to 
root stock for rose bushes in this part the drier atmosphere than that in which 
of the United States is Dr. Huey. it was growing. After a week or two of 

A Way to Slip Rose Cuttings conditioning, the pot can be removed 

There is an eaesier way of slipping 
rose cuttings than the way mother did 
it, and one that may be used at any time. 
A five to six inch flower pot is filled with 
any good garden soil after placing a 
broom handle in the center of the pot. 
When the soil in the pot is thoroughly 
firmed around the center stick, remove 
the stick. The hole is then filled with 
perlite, sharp sand, or vermiculite. 

The slip or cutting is in condition to 
plant when the bloom fads and the petals 
fall. For this reason you may select any 
rose in your bouquet that you would like 
to root, providing it has at least four per- 

from the plastic bag and placed in full 
sun to become thoroughly established. 

Watch Drainage 
Two or three weeks will probably be 
the time required for this stage of growth. 
The plant is then ready to be removed 
from the pot and set in the rose bed, or 
placed in a larger pot. One more word 
of instruction. It has been assumed that 
good drainage is provided in the flower 
pot by covering the drainage hole with 
broken pieces of pot before placing the 
broom stick in the container and sur- 
rounding it with garden soil. 

Continued, page 34 




Tested and Approved by te San Diego Rose Society 

Fortified with Chelated Iron and Zinc 

— No Chlorine Salts 



Good all-around fertilizer 





How To Win The Queen Of The Show Award, Or The 
Bigger They Are, The Slimmer The Chance! 

by Mary Jane Hershey 

enter roses in competition, 
there may be more arguments 
against your entering your own best 
blooms than for your entering, one of 
which being that you do not have 
three to four hundred plants from 
which to choose your entries. If this is 
the case, a quick study of gardens of 
the top award winners will often show 
that the majority of winners have 
small gardens, one-eighth the size of 
the above mentioned figures. In fact, 
the small grower often has an advan- 
tage over the large-scale grower be- 
cause he can tend to his plant with 
the concentration and devotion neces- 
sary to producing prize 

One such example is the garden of 
Mr. and Mrs. J. Paul Gaughen. In 
their garden is a raised bed of roses. 
This planter had been placed in use as 
a rose bed in August, 1966, when they 
moved their roses from the side of 
the house to this location in order for 
the rose bushes to have more sunshine. 
As they desired roses with color from 




Alice and Allan Zukor 

Validated Customer Parking at Rear of Store 

733 Broadway 239-1228 

Mrs. J. Paul Gaughen 


Rose Specialists 

Bushes - Climbers - and Tree Roses 

in cans, available all year 

Spray Materials and Fertilizers 

8606 Graves Ave., Santee 
corner Graves & Prospect 

Open 8 A.M. to 5 :30 P.M. 

Off Highway 67 
Phone: 448-6972 

Closed Wednesdays 

pink to lavender in this particular area, 
they moved First Love, Show Girl, 
Pink Favorite and Song of Paris. The 
following April, 1967 they picked and 
entered a beautiful bloom from their 
cultivar, First Love, which was chosen 
as Queen of the Show. Because the 
number of plants in their rose gar- 
den is fifty-four, they were able to 
give their roses intensified care. Mrs. 
Gaughen recorded the date of pruning, 
had pruned so that the bushes would 
grow upright (and had chosen culti- 
vars that were known for their upright 
growth,) had added a slow fertilizer 
to the bed, and of course, had sprayed 
and watered as needed. The last week 
before the show, she concentrated on 
keeping the bugs off, and watering. 
There is also a low wooden sign in 
their patio flower bed which says, 

The Garden 
The kiss of the sun for pardon 
The song of the birds for mirth 
You are nearer God' s heart in a garden 
Than any u> here else on earth. 


Continued from page 33 
The San Diego Rose Society will tour 
the rose gardens of Mr. and Mrs. George 
Laird, 1446 Palomar Place, Vista, Cali- 
fornia on Sunday, September 22, 1968 
from 3 to 4 p.m. Their next regular meet- 
ing in the Floral Building, Balboa Park 
will be held on October 21, 1968 at 8 
p.m. (the third Monday of each month, 
October through June of each year.) 

It must be noted that the Queen of the 
Rose Show of the American Rose So- 
ciety's National Rose Show, held during 
the Convention at Disneyland in June, 
was the "John F. Kennedy." It was 
picked on Tuesday before the Saturday 
show date, and brought to the convention 
(in a bucket) from San Francisco. On 
Friday, Jim Campbell found it necessary 
to pack it in ice up to bud to keep it 
from opening. This rose was still beau- 
tiful and perfect the following evening 
when the show closed. H 

Morning Garden 

There is a time in the early morning 
when all your garden treasures wear their 
special early beauty. It is quiet, the dew 
sparkles on everything. And best of all, 
since yesterday, new buds have come, 
some have opened, and your garden gives 
you freely of its lovely bounty. A walk 
in your "morning garden" will keep your 
spirits high all day. ■ 





(Under the sponsorship of 
The Park and Recreation Dept., City of San Diego) 
Third Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mr. Virgil H. Schade 298-1949 

1633 Pennsylvania 


First Thursday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Harry B. Cutler 466-7579 

4671 Toni Lane, S.D. 921 15 



Second Thursday, Floral Building 
P.O. Box 12162, S. D., Calif. 92112 
Pres: Howard Voss 1-753-5415 

1290 Birmingham Dr., Encinitas, Calif. 92024 



Meets every Thursday, 12m to I p.m. 
Garden House, Grape and 101 Civic Center 

Pres.: Mrs. Donald A. Innis 298-1690 

1827 Puterbaugh, S.D. 92103 
Rep.: James Saraceno 274-2628 

3366 Lloyd St., S.D. 92117 


First Wednesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. James R. Buman 
4651 Mt. Alifan Dr., S.D. 921 1 1 277-4872 


Fourth Monday, Floral Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Jim D. Campbell 278-4372 

2903 Greyling Dr., S.D. 92123 
Rep.: Dr. J. W Troxell 282-9131 

4950 Canterbury Drive, S.D. 92116 


Third Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Capt. C. R. Curr 

3515 37th St. S.D. 92105 284-2042 

Rep.: Mrs. Mary Panek 222-5031 

4680 Del Monte Ave., S.D. 92107 


First Friday, Floral Bldg., 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Harold A. Skinner 222-1211 

3530 Lowell, S.D. 92106 
Rep.: Mrs. Lorraine Warner 222-9133 

746 Cordova St., S.D. 92107 


Second Sunday, Floral Bldg., 1-5 p.m. 

Pres.: Dr. Benjamin Stilwell 

9402 La Jolla Farms Rd., L.J. 92037 453-2462 

Rep.: Mrs. Ray Hosier 

743 Nautilus St., L.J. 92037 459-6706 


First Saturday, Floral Building, 2 p.m. 
Pres.: Reuben V. Vaughan 223-7629 

1041 Le Roy St.. S.D. 92106 
Rep.: Frank Mousseau 
5955 Lauretta, S.D. 92110 295-9596 


Second Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mr. Charles Persing 
9552 Larrabee, San Diego 92123 279-1589 


Second and Fourth Thursday, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Clem Runner 463-6957 

4929 Rosehedge Dr., La Mesa 92041 
Rep.: John Basney 273-4636 

4731 Conrad Ave., S.D. 92117 


Fourth Tuesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Gerald L. Lohmann 279-5135 

6616 Rock Glen Ave., S.D. 921 1 1 
Rep.: Mrs. R. M. Middleton 296-3246 

3944 Centre St., S.D. 92103 


Meets 3rd Sunday, Floral Bldg., 2:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. William Van Dusen 

Star Route, Descanso 92016 445-3024 

Rep.: Mrs. O. M. Conoly 

758 Cordova Ave., San Diego 92107 223-7769 


First Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Robert Coats 467-6227 

7340 Santa Maria Dr., La Mesa 
Rep.: Byron Geer 279-1191 

5094 Mt. La Platta Dr., S.D. 92117 


Second Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. F. H. Richardson 281-9267 282-2573 
4067 Monroe Ave., S.D. 92116 


Third Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Clarence W. Benson 274-1626 

3640 Crown Point Dr., S.D. 92109 
Rep.: Mrs. Felix White 264-4440 

5282 Imperial Ave., S.D. 92114 


First Wednesday, Floral Building, 10:30 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Gerald Dennis 

12218 Rockcrest Rd., Lakeside 443-2253 

Rep.: Mrs. Roland S. Hoyt 296-2757 

2271 Ft. Stockton Dr. S.D. 92103 



Third Friday, Homes of Members, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Miss Myrle Patterson 224-1572 

4310 Piedmont Dr., S.D. 92107 


First Wednesday, 1:30 Seven Oaks Community 
Center, Bernardo Oaks Dr., Rancho Bernardo 

Pres.: Mrs. H. Carl A. Andersen 748-1925 

16715 Cresta Dr., S.D. 92128 


First Friday, VFW Hall, Carlsbad, 1:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Daniel N. Kurily 729-6618 

1430 Forest Ave., Carlsbad 92108 


Pres.: Mrs. Raymond E. Smith 488-0830 

4995 Fanuel St., Pacific Beach 92109 


Meets 1st Tuesday, Red Cross Bldg., 1113 Adella 


Pres.: Cdr. Philip H. Dennler 435-3337 

331 B St., Coronado 92118 


Third Tuesday, Knights of Columbus Hall, 
3827 43rd St., S.D. 92105, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Charles Williams 284-2317 

4240 46th, S.D. 92115 


Fourth Thursday, Red Cross Bldg, 1113 Adella 
Lane, 9:00 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Benjamin H. Berry 435-4997 

471 Country Club Lane, Coronado 92118 


First Wednesday, Encinitas Union Elementary 
School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. I. F. Nichols 753-5409 

159 Diana, Leucadia 92046 


Meets 2nd Tuesday, Alt. Pauma Valley and Valley 
Center 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Frances J. Lawson 
P. O. Box 288, Valley Center 92082 

EL CAJON WOMAN'S CLUB (Garden Section) 

Pres.: Mrs. John Ohlson 444-2753 

655 Bradford Rd., El Cajon 92020 


3rd Friday, Veterans Memorial Hall 1:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Lawrence Mineah 745-9629 

201 S. Upas, Escondido 


Last Thursday, Fallbrook Woman's Clubhouse, 
1:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Roman E. Shore 728-7044 

1211 Pepper Tree Lane, Fallbrook 92028 

Second Monday, La Mesa Chamber of Commerce 
Bldg., University Ave., La Mesa 92041 

Pres.: Mrs. James Culver 466-6388 

8558 Boulder Dr., La Mesa 92041 


Meets at Members' Homes Quarterly. 

Pres.: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 295-7938 


3rd Tuesday, Imperial Beach Civic Center, 
1:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Chris Roberts 424-6936 

553 Spruce St., Imperial Beach 92032 


3rd Monday, Lakeside Farm School, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Loy M. Smith 443-3089 

9511 Farmington Dr., Lakeside 92040 

LA MESA WOMAN'S CLUB (Garden Section) 
3rd Thursday, La Mesa Women's Club, 1:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Allen W. Carpenter 583-7508 

5169 Ewing, S.D. 


Third Monday, 10 a.m. Homes of members 

Pres.: Mrs. Joseph Cuddihy 
7857 La Jolla Scenic Dr., La Jolla 92037 453 0171 


(Garden Section) 

First Tuesday, Lemon Grove Woman's Club 
House, I p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Hal Crow 466-3330 

3850 Quarry Rd., La Mesa 


Meets First Monday, 8 p.m. 

Barbour Hall, Pershing and University 

Mrs. Vera Eimar 477-5344 

II29E 16th St., National City 92050 


Meets First Tuesday, 7:30 p.m. at 
Palomar College 
Pres.: James A. Kirk 748-3870 

15131 Espola Road, Poway 


Second Sat., 1:30 p.m. Seacoast Hall, Encinitas 
Pres.: Mrs. M. J. Noy 
1579 Caudor St., Encinitas 92024 753-5037 

114 Natal Wy, Vista 


Second Wednesday, S. Oceanside School 
Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. John B. Stanton 726-1466 

1858 Avocado Dr., Vista 92083 


Meet second Mondcy, 7:30 p.m. Community 
Club House, Gresham and Diamond Sts., 
Pacific Beach 

Pres.: Mrs. Charles E. Domler 283-3642 

5158 Hastings Rd., S.D. 92116 


Pres.: Mr. James Specht 


Third Saturday, I p.m., Palomar College Foreign 
Language Building, Room F22 

Pres.: Mrs. Mildred Gregory 724-4986 

339 S. Melrose Dr., Vista 92083 


Meets Third Wednesday, 7:30 p.m., Avocado 
Inn, 114 Hillside Terrace, Vista 
Pres.: Eugene A. Casey 753-3571 

932 Crest Drive, Encinitas 


2nd Wednesday, 9:30 a.m.. Community Church 

Pres.: Mrs. Ervin Pringle 748-1894 

13517 Poway Rd. #H Poway 92064 


Second Tuesday — Club House, 2:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Edmund T. Price 756-2204 

Box 576, Rancho Santa Fe 92067 


Fourth Tuesday, San Carlos Club, 6955 Golfcrest 

Pres. Mrs. Glenn F. Bliss 463-4349 

6275 Cowles Mountain, San Diego 92119 


Fourth Monday, Barbour Hall - Univ & 
Pershing, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 295-7938 

4444 Arista Dr., S.D. 92103 


Second Monday, 7:30 p.m. Meets at 9295 Harness 
Rd., Spring Valley 92077 

Pres.: Mrs. Cleoves Hardin 
2626 Coronado Ave., Space I 16, 
Imperial Beach 92032 


Third Wednesday, Seacoast Savings Building, 
Encinitas, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Waldo Vogt 755-4772 

773 Barbara Ave., Solana Beach 92075 


First Wed., Youth Center, Lemon Grove 

Pres.: Mrs. Mary Birchell 
6070 Sarita St., La Mesa 92041 466-7631 


Second Monday, Ramona Women's Club House, 
5th and Main, 9:30 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Stanley MacKenzie 789-1135 

R. I, Box 949, Ramona 92065 


Pres.: Mrs. Leon Roloff 448-0291 

9138 Willow Grove Ave., Santee 92071 


Meets 3rd Thursday, 10 a.m. Homes of members 

Pres.: Mrs. Brown Thompson III 
16728 Espola Rd., Poway 92064 


First Friday, Vista Rec. Center 1:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Daniel Mich 724-8020 

551 Morningside PL, Vista 92083 


Second Tuesday, 2 p.m. Family Association 

Pres.: Mrs. Clara Haskins 465-0910 

2352 El Prado, Lemon Grove S2045 



The prettiest things 

you can plant in your garden . . . 

Don't rip out your prize camellias and switch over to 
the heautiful things you see here. Just use Hazard Bloc 
and Hazard Brie for walls, walks, harhecues, and in a 
thousand and one ways to heautif y your home and garden. 

• HAZARD BLOC— Scores of sizes and shapes, in a selection of colors, for retaining 

walls, planters, etc. 

• HAZARD BRiC— Richly-colored fired brick for walls, walks, planters, edging, etc. 

• HAZARD DECOROC— Decorative rock in an exciting selection of colors, shapes, 

and sizes. Large lava and granite rock for dramatic accents, 





J! MISSION VALLEY — Friars Road and Highway 395 — 297-4141 

EL CAJON — 288 Fletcher Parkway — 444-3124 
■ SOUTH BAY — 5th and C Streets, Chula Vista — 427-2062